Belletristic Call Numbers (SML) 2008 version

Overview

Library of Congress belletristic class numbers are double-letter class numbers in the broader Language and Literature (P) section of the LC schedules, and are found within the ranges PA-PL. The broad ranges are organized by language, from PA (Classical Languages) to PL (Languages of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania). Within each double-letter section, there is a number or range of numbers to be assigned to individual authors of literary works. These are referred to as belletristic numbers at YUL. The numbers are sometimes subarranged by nationality when the language is the primary language in more than one country. The belletristic class numbers are generally subarranged by Cutter number for the individual author, and there will usually be provisions for individual works, and for biography and criticism. The scope of these guidelines is limited to Western languages, but it is hoped that in the future the scope will be extended to include non-Western belletristic authors. In the interim, it should be noted that, within the schedules, non-Western belletristic numbers generally follow the pattern used in the Western bellestristic numbers.

Western Literature Call Numbers for Individual Authors

Library of Congress Literature Classes for Western Languages

 
PB1201-1329 Celtic languages & literatures (e.g. Gaelic, Welsh)
PC3801-3976 Catalan language & literature
PH5001-5490 Basque
PQ Romance literature (e.g. French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese)
PR English literature
PS American literature
PT Germanic literature (including Dutch and Scandinavian literature)

Within each classes, there are a number of topics (e.g. PS214: American literature --19th century) and numbers for individual authors (e.g. PS1541: Emily Dickinson)

Individual authors are grouped by period under each national literature. Under each period, they have been assigned individual numbers in an alphabetical sequence. Authors prior to the twenties century are assigned ranges of numbers according to the amount of material by and about them. Major authors, such as Shakespeare (PR2750-3112) and Goethe (PT1891-2239), have been assigned over three hundred numbers each. other important authors, such as Robert Browning and Friedrich von Schiller, receive up to fifty numbers each. Most of the authors receive one number or a Cutter Number. For example, Emily Dickinson receives one number: PS1514.

Individual authors are grouped by period under each national literature. Under each period, they have been assigned individual numbers in an alphabetical sequence. Authors prior to the twentieth century are assigned ranges of numbers according to the amount of material by and about them. Major authors, such as Shakespeare (PR2750-3112) and Goethe (PT1891-2239), have been assigned over three hundred numbers each. Other important authors, such as Robert Browning and Friedrich von Schiller, receive up to fifty numbers each. Most of the authors receive one number or a Cutter number. For example, Emily Dickinson receives one number: PS1541.

All twentieth century authors are assigned a Cutter number each, regardless of the amount of material. For example, William Faulkner has been assigned the number PS3511.A86. It is important to remember that the Cutter number for the author is usually based on the second letter of the author’s last name. This is necessary because the cardinal number refers to the first letter of the author’s last name. In other words, PS3511 is used for twentieth century American authors whose names begin with the letter F. Author Cutters based on the first letter of the name sometimes occur in those areas of the schedules reserved for authors writing in countries where use of the language is often a colonial legacy; in that case, the schedule assigns one number followed by A-Z, e.g. 20th century Indian authors writing in English is PR9499.3.A-Z. So, Salman Rushdie is PR9499.3.R8. Other examples: French-Canadian authors 1961-2000 is PQ3919.2.A-Z, so Marie Auger: PQ3919.2.A926. 20th century New Zealand authors is PR9639.3.A-Z, so Ngaio Marsh: PR9639.3.M27 (at Yale .M37).

LC has begun to add 21st century authors to the schedules. A 21st century author is defined as an author who publishes for the first time in 2001 or later. 21st century authors generally follow the pattern of 20th century authors, i.e. the author is assigned a single Cutter number. If the 20th century pattern has been to base the Cutter on the 2nd letter of the author's name, the same pattern is followed for the 21st century. If the 20th century pattern was to base the Cutter on the first letter of the name (e.g. French-Canadian PQ3919.A-Z 1960-2000), the same pattern is followed for the 21st century (PQ3919.3.A-Z 2001-).

Whatever the range of numbers assigned to an author, works written by and about the author are subarranged according to a recurring pattern:

  1. Collected Works
  2. Translations (of the works, not of the individual titles)
  3. Selected Works
  4. Separate works, alphabetically by title (with translations of each title following the title in the original language; followed by books about the specific works)
  5. Bibliography and general criticism (i.e. books not about a specific work)

Single Cutter Authors

As indicated above, most twentieth and twenty-first century authors writing will have a single Cutter number. Different works are distinguished by a 3rd line Cuttered to the book’s title. An example of an author with a single number is the 20th century novelist D.H. Lawrence. Here, a 1996 edition of his novel Sons and lovers has the call number:

050

0

0

$a PR6023.A93 $b S6 1996

PR6023

In the LC classification, PR6000-6049 is English literature, 1900-1960 is for English literature, 1900-1960 for authors with last name beginning with the letter L.

.A83

Author Cutter (to the 2nd letter of the author’s name, Lawrence)

S6

Book number/Cutter for title of work: Sons and loves

1996

Date of publication. (The practice of adding a date to the call number dates from the ‘70’s)

All fiction, drama, poetry, correspondence and autobiography by D.H. Lawrence, and all books about D.H. Lawrence will have the same class number (PR6023) and the same author Cutter (A93).

A 1978 edition of his Women in love has the call number:

050

0

0

$a PR6023.A93 $b W6 1998

Amores, collection of poems by D.H. Lawrence published in 1916:

050

0

0

$a PR6023.A93 $b A7 1916

Selected letters of D.H. Lawrence, 1997 (letters get a special Z48 notation):

050

0

0

$a PR6023.A93 $b Z48 1997

Literary criticism about D.H. Lawrence, 2005 (literary criticism/biography gets special notation in the range Z5-Z9999):

050

0

0

$a PR6023.A93 $b Z955 2005

For a more detailed table of example for D.H. Lawrence, refer to the P-PZ40 Examples Document.

NOTE: Beginning in Feb. 2005, the literature class number PZ (juvenile belles lettres) has been accepted and applied in SML cataloging. Prior to Feb. 2005 SML catalogers always converted PZ numbers to the more detailed nationality numbers in the literature schedules. For current practice, go to the section PZ Call Numbers.

The main objectives in shelflisting literature call number are:

  • Keep all of the literary works by the same author together
  • Keep al editions of individual works by the same author together (in chronological order)

However, in Feb. 2005 SML began to accept LC 050 00 literature class call numbers "as is." The "as is" numbers are designated locally by adding a capital X ("trailing X"), generally at the end of the book number. (The trailing X practice has been relatively longstanding for other class numbers in the schedules.) As a result, the objective is somewhat modified:

  • Keep all of the literary works by the same author together under the SML assigned number of the LC number (if known)
  • Keep all editions (expressions and manifestations) of individual works by the same author together (in chronological order) under the SML assigned number of the LC number (if known
  • If both the SML assigned number and the LC number are known, prefer the LC number 

Note that this means literature call numbers assigned by libraries other than LC or SML will continue to be modified to be consistent with our online files.

The new 2008 policy to accept member copy without shelflisting was modified in the case of belletristic works. The 2005 policy to adjust the author Cutter has not changed. However, the book number can now be accepted "as is". If a new call number needs to be constructed, either fit the new book number into the existing sequence or construct the number from a table, whichever is easier.


 

Shelflisting of Literary Works by a Single Cutter Author

The primary objective of the 2005 policy change is to facilitate processing of literary materials. While efficiencies will be most evident in LC 050 00 processing, shelflisting literature call numbers from member copy, member copy without call numbers, and original cataloging may be complicated by the split files that will result from accepting LC numbers shelflisted against a different catalog. The shelflisting procedures following take the modified shelflisting objectives and the overall primary objective into consideration.

1. 050 00. The number is always accepted "as is," with the addition of trailing X:

050

0

0

$a PS3569.H746 $b R47 1995

852

0

0

$a SML $h PS3569.H746 $i R47X 1995

Note that PZ numbers are also acceptable with trailing X. This number is for The Slippery slope by Lemony Snicket. Note that PZ uses lower case for book numbers.

050

0

0

$a PZ7.S6795 $b Sl 2003

852

0

0

$a SML $h $a PZ7.S6795 $i SlX 2003

2. Member record with literature call number

With your bib record displayed, open the menu Record-->Retrieve Authorities. If the author is listed as a heading, open the authority record and check for a 053 or a 090 LC. If there is one, use it as the author number for your record. Note that if the author is used as a subject only (a book about the author), Retrieve Authorities will not work if any subject subdivisions are used after the name.

If no authority record is retrieved, or if there is no 053/090, perform a Staff Name Search. If you retrieve a cataloged record or records, use the author number in 852. (If the author was used as a subject and Retrieve Authorities did not work, the Staff Name Search will retrieve the authority record for the name if it is in the database; the name authority record should be checked for a 053 at this point.)

However, if you notice that the cataloged bibliographic record has a 050 00, use the LC author number in combination with the member copy book number in preference to a number derived from another Orbis record's MFHD

Optionally, in situations where there is no 053 but authoritative information (i.e. 050 00) is readily available, catalogers authorized to update the authority record may add a 090 LC number to record the authorized author number to facilitate processing in the future. Note that LC and not a location code should precede the author number; 090 <location code> should be used to record location specific decisions on whether a title is classed-together or classed separately. Staff not authorized to update authority records should not routinely request authorized staff to update the record for 090 LC.

If the author is new to the Orbis catalog, search in LCDB for other literary works by the author or an authority record with 053.

With the 2008 change in shelflisting policy, you no longer need to verify that the book number is in correct alphabetical sequence.

Example 1: Member record with call number. Authority record in Orbis with 053.

050

4

$a PT2613.R38 $b I5 2005

Display your bib record. Click on the Record Menu, then click Retrieve Authorities (or use the appropriate macro). In this case, a heading list is retrieved:

Click on the heading for the author from the Heading List to display the authority record. Note that a 053 has been assigned to Grass.

053

0

$ PT2613.R338

100

1

$a Grass, Gunter, $d 1927-

In that case, the cataloger should use the LC Cutter in the 852 for Im Krebsgang, because given the choice, you always want to use the LC number. Note that trailing X is not used in this situation, since the number as a whole was not assigned by the Library of Congress.

050

4

$a SML $h PT2613.R388 $b I5 2005

Example 2: Member record with call number. Authority record in Orbis with 090 LC.

Member copy for the item in hand. Call number assigned by the member record for the novel Efter hjältedöden by the Swedish author Henrik Tikkanen.

050

4

$a PT9876.3.I39 $b E34 1979

Display your bib record. Click on the Record Menu, then click Retrieve Authorities (or use the appropriate macro). In this case, a heading list is retrieved. Click on the heading for the author from the Heading List to display the authority record. Note that although there is no 053, a 090 LC has been assigned to Tikkanen by a Yale cataloger (who had previously noted its use in a 050 00 bibliographic record).

090

$ LC: PT9876.3.I37

100

1

$a Tikkanen, Henrik

In that case, the cataloger should use the LC (090) Cutter for Tikkanen in the 852 for Efter hjältedöden, because given the choice, you always want to use the LC number. Note that trailing X is not used in this situation, since the number as a whole was not assigned by the Library of Congress.

852

0

0

$a SML PT9876.3.I37 $b E34 1979

Example 3: Member record with call number. No 053 or 090 LC number on authority record.

Member copy for item in hand. Call number assigned by the member record for the novel Les astres vagabonds by Gérard Ramstein.

050

4

$a PQ2718.A478 $b A97 2003

Authority record is retrieved, but it has no 053/090 LC. A Staff Name search retrieves a cataloged record for another novel by Ramstein, Requiem pour une puce (2001). MFHD has:

852

0

0

$a LSF $h PQ2718.A58 $b R47 2001

The author number may be derived from the cataloged record for Requiem pour une puce. The MFHD for the edition of Les astres vagabonds would then be:

852

0

0

$a SML $h PQ2718.A58 $b A97 2003

If the bibliographic record for Requiem pour une puce had had a 050 00, you should use the author number assigned by LC. However, the Requiem record only had a 050 _4. You are not expected to check other cataloged records in search of an 050 00.

Example 4: Member record with an author new to Orbis. No authority record in Orbis. First check for an LC number in LCDB.You are cataloging the Australian edition of the book Seven types of ambiguity by Elliot Perlman, who is an author new to Orbis; there are no cataloged bibliographic records for other works by Perlman found in Orbis when you do a Staff Name Heading search.

The bibliographic record for the item in hand has an 050 _4:

050

4

$a PR8272.E69 $b S48 2003

At the time of cataloging, there is no authority record in Orbis for Perlman. Because the author is new and we want to establish the author in Orbis with an LC number if possible, search in LCDB to see if you can find a bibliographic or authority record for Perlman. A record for the American edition of the novel is found with a different author number.

050

0

0

$a PR9619.3.P3619 $b S48 2004

You should use the LC author number for your book rather than the number used on the member record's 050 _4.

852

0

0

$a SML $h PR9619.3.P3619 $b S48 2003

Searching in LCDB is efficient; searching in the LC Online Catalog or the utilities for a number is not.

Example 5: Member record for an author new to Orbis; no LC number found. You are cataloging Picture bride by Cathy Song, a twentieth-century author new to the catalog. You have used Retrieve Authorities and the Staff Name Headings search; no authority record and no cataloged bibliographic records are found in Orbis. No bibliographic records with 050 00 or an authority record with 053 are found in LCDB.

The member bibliographic record for the item to be cataloged has:

050

4

$a PS3569.O6539 $b P53 2005

A Staff Name search retrieves no cataloged records for books by Cathy Song. If the number was used "as is," it would be out of sequence for the Orbis alphabetical ("shelf") arrangement by author:

PS3569.O57 Sontag, Susan
<---PS3569.06539 Song, Cathy would file here out of sequence for the author arrangement if 050 4 was used "as is"
PS3569.O67 Sorcic, Jim

To shelve in author sequence, Song, Cathy should file between Sonde, Susan and Sontag, Susan.

PS3569.O565 Sonde, Susan
<Song, Cathy>
PS3569.O57 Sontag, Susan

In order to shelve in the correct sequence, the author Cutter for Song, Cathy is varied to O5654. The call number ultimately assigned to Picture bride by Cathy Song is:

PS3569

Class number for 20th century American literature, last name S

.O5654

Author Cutter for Song, Cathy

P3

Book number/Cutter for title of work: Picture bride

1983

Date of publication

Arrangement in Orbis:

PS3569.O565 Sonde, Susan
PS3569.O5654 Song, Cathy
PS3569.O57 Sontag, Susan

Example 6. Member record for an author new to Orbis; no LC number found. Split author arrangement in Orbis. As more items with 050 00 copy are processed, catalogers will begin to encounter split files in the alphabetical author arrangement caused by the "as is" numbers with trailing X. If the trailing X numbers are not in synch with the author arrangement in Orbis, file around them, i.e., ignore the X numbers when deciding where to insert your author.

Member record is for new author Gerhard Oberlin with 050 _4; no LC number found.

050

4

$a PT2675 $b S6 1983

But the Orbis author arrangement has:

Call number

Author

PT2675.B44 … X

Obernosterer, Engelbert

PT2675.B47

Oberhauser, Leo

PT2675.B4734

Oberjollenzer, Josef

PT2675.B445

Oberlander, harry

PT2675.B48226

Obermayer, Inge

Obernosterer, with trailing X, is ignored in filing, and Gerhard Oberlin may be inserted between Oberländer and Obermayer:

Call number

Author

PT2675.B44 … X

Obernosterer, Engelbert

PT2675.B47

Oberhauser, Leo

PT2675.B4734

Oberjollenzer, Josef

PT2675.B445

Oberlander, harry

PT2675.B48

Oberlin, Gerhard

PT2675.B48226

Obermayer, Inge

There are already a number of areas where the filing arrangement is considerably out of synch and where it will not be clear which file to ignore, since some of the splits may be due to human error, including assignment of trailing X to non-LC numbers. Here is a somewhat truncated example. Where to insert Paola Calvetti?

Call number

Author

PQ4863.A39357

Caliceti, Giuseppe

PQ4863.A3939

Calimani, Bruno

PQ4863.A394

Cimani, Riccardo

PQ4863.A39423

Calligarich, Gianfranco

PQ4863.A39425

Calloni, Gianni

PQ4863.A39437

Camerana, Oddone

PQ4863.A3945

Camilleri, Andrea

PQ4863.A3955

Camon, Ferdinando

PQ4863.A397

Calvino, Fortunato

PQ4863.A3974

Canale, Ezio

PQ4863.A3976

Cancogni, Manlio

PQ4863.A3978

Cancogni, Maria Grazia

PQ4863.A399

Calzavara, Ernesto

PQ4863.A3995

Calzavarra, Luciano

PQ4863.A4233

Camarca, Claudio

PQ4863.A4235

Cambiaggio, Giuditta

PQ4863.A4236

Cambria, Adele

PQ4863.A424

Camerana, Oddone

PQ4863.A425

Camerino, Aldo

PQ4863.A4258

Camilleri, Andrea

PQ4863.A43

Camilucci, Marcello

PQ4863.A446

Cammelli, Stefano

PQ4863.A447

Cammilleri, Rino

PQ4863.A45

Camon, Ferdinando

In this situation, it appears that the numbers between PQ4863.A39437-A3955 and A3974-A3978 are out of sequence, so Calvetti would file between Calloni and Calvino. Although the highlighted numbers should be ignored, they should not be re-used.

852

0

0

$a SML $h PQ4863.A396 $b A73 2000


Filing and Arrangement Rules

Name changed by AACR2. Even if the last name is changed by AACR2, you should continue to use the author Cutter to the preAACR2 form.

Filing rules. When shelflisting, keep in mind some significant filing rules that affect alphabetic sequence of author Cutters:

Treat a prefix that is part of a name or place as a separate word unless it is joined to the rest of the name directly or by an apostrophe without a space. If an initial article is included in the established form of a personal name, it counts in filing: El-Ayoutty, Yassin files under E, not A. (If El-Ayoutty is a single Cutter author where the first part of the class number represents the first letter of the name, the author Cutter would begin with L.)

"What you see is what you file." Do not ignore the "u" in names beginning with Qu  when shelflisting author Cutters [the rules are different when shelflisting book numbers]. Do not file names beginning with Mc as Mac. Do not translate umlauts to e (i.e. do not file ü as ue, file as "u;"  do not file ö as oe, file as "o"). File abbreviations as written, e.g. St. files as ST not Saint.

File single surnames before compound surnames; file given names before surnames. Hyphenated compound surnames file as separate words.

Here is an example of correct filing sequence involving prefixes from the LC Shelflisting Manual:

Darby, Joseph R.
D'Arcy, Paula, 1947-
De, S. C
De La Cruz, Jessie Lopez, 1919-
De Lange, Elaine
DeAndrea, William L.
D'Ebneth, Maria Scholten de
Deformation of solids
Del Balzo, Giulio
Delaurier, William J.

"What you see is what you file" (also from the LC Shelflisting Manual):

Mabney, William
MacDonald, Joan E., 1916-
Marshall, Catherine, 1914-
McGrath, Suzanne

SML cataloging did not take changes in filing rules into account in some of its shelflisting practices. Follow the current rules for new authors; ignore numbers established under the old rules when determining the author arrangement for new authors.


Special Notation for Single Cutter Literary Authors (LC Literature table P-PZ40)

LC uses the range A11-Z458 for the works themselves (collections, selections, individual works) and local practice has always followed this part of the table from the implementation of LC classification in the 1970's.

However, LC notation practice for items related to the literary works of the author is to assign numbers in the range Z4581-Z9999. Prior to 2005, SML practice dating from the implementation of LC classification was to modify LC notation for single Cutter authors for biography/criticism, correspondence, and autobiography. Beginning in 2001, SML began to follow the standard LC notation practice for new authors. With the Feb. 2005 policy change the practice is now extended to previously established authors. The mapping of the number range is given in the LC P-PZ40 table.

LC P-PZ40 Table for authors (1 Cutter number)

Collected works

Including collected works in specific genres

P-PZ40 .x date

By date

(P-PZ40 .xA11-.xA13)

By editor

Subarrangement by editor has been discontinued by the Library of Congress. Beginning in 2005, all collected works are subaaranged by date

(P-PZ40 .xA14-.xA19)

Collected prose, poetry, plays, etc.

For collected genre see P-PZ40 .x date

Translations (Collected or selected)

P-PZ40 .xA199

Modern versions of early authors in the same language. By date

P-PZ40 .xA1995

Polyglot. By date

P-PZ40 .xA2

English. By date

P-PZ40 .xA3

French. By date

P-PZ40 .xA4

German. By date

P-PZ40 .xA5-A59

Other. By language (alphabetically and date

P-PZ40 .xA6

Selected works. Selections. By date

P-PZ40 .xA61-.xZ458

Separate work. By title

Biography and criticism

P-PZ40 .xZ4581-.xZ4589

Periodicals. Societies. Serials

P-PZ40 .xZ459

Dictionaries, indexes, etc. By date

P-PZ40 .xZ46

Autobiography, journals, memoirs. By date

P-PZ40 .xZ48

Letters (Collections). By date (Including collections of letters to and from particular individuals)

P-PZ40 .xZ5-.xZ999

General works

Example demonstrating the application of P-PZ40 are at: P-PZ40 Examples

Since there appears to be no documentation on how LC expands Z Cutters used in table P-PZ40, ideally, you would shelflist works of biography, criticism, correspondence, autobiography, etc. (Z4581-Z9999) against the LC Online catalog. While this was the earlier recommendation, since we now accept inconsistencies in the book number order, for efficiency you should either shelflist the number against the book number file in Orbis, or construct a 3 digit number based on our unofficial Z notation table (see below). Keep in mind that the number must be within the Z4581-Z9999 range.

Scenario:

  1. Book about D.H. Larence. No 050 00:

100

1

$a Hostettler, Maya, $d 1954-

245

1

4

$a D.H. Lawrence, travel books and fiction / $c Maya Hostettler.

261

4

$a Berne ; $a New York : $b P. Lang, $c 1985.

600

1

0

$a Lawrence, D. H. $q (David Herbert), $d 1885-1930 $x Criticism and interpretation.

  1. Determine the class/author Cutter number. Both Yale and LC use PR6023.A93

c1. Option A: If you prefer to shelflist the Z number in the existing file, open the Orbis OPAC and select the search index (the Search in: box) for Call Number (LC). You will get a better overview of the Zs by using the OPAC. Keeping in mind that the range of biography/criticism is limited to Z4581-Z999x, do a search truncated to the lower limit: pr6023.a93 z458

You need to insert Hostettler's number between the numbers for Grimm-Horlacher [Z63112] and Lawrence [Z642]. Be sure to leave enough room for future numbers--ending the number with 2 could make things rather tight.

Perhaps: PR6023.A93 Z635

c2. Option B. Construct the Z number using the unofficial Z expansion table below without consulting the online sequence in the OPAC. Main entry: Hostettler.Initial letter H is in the range Z64-Z68. H is roughly in the middle of the range: Z66. An additional digit for the second letter “o” corresponds to 6 in the expansion column. Based on the table, the number constructed would be around: PR6023.A93 Z666. Since we are accepting member library book numbers without shelflisting, it is understood that the sequence will not be consistent.  

Unofficial Z expansion table

Z5-Z999 expansion on first letter of main entry (Criticism and biography

LC expansion on 2nd letter and following letters

A-E

Z54-Z58

A-D

3

F-J

Z64-Z68

E-H

4

K-O

Z74-Z78

O-L

5

P-T

Z84-Z88

M-O

6

U-Z

Z94-Z99

P-S

7

T-V

8

W-Z

9

Another (made-up) example: A biography of Michael Connelly:

100

1

$a Thurston, Patricia.

245

1

4

$a Mean streets of Los Angeles / $c Patricia Thurston.

261

4

$a Los Angeles : $b Press of the University of California, $c 2013.

600

1

0

$a Connelly, Michael,  $d 1956- $x Criticism and interpretation.

  1. LC author number is: PS3553.O51165; decision is to construct the Z number
  2. Book number. Main entry Thurston, first letter T. Table assigns Z84-Z88 to the range P-T, so number should begin with Z88. Then expand for second letter H. Table assigns 4 to expansion letters in the range E-H, so Z884:

050

4

$a PS3553.O51165 $b Z884 2013


Single Number Authors & Author with More than One Number

Single Number Authors

As indicated above, a twentieth- or twenty-first century author will have a unique Cutter number but will share the same class number (first line of call number) with many other 20th/21st century authors (e.g. PR6023: all twentieth-century British authors with the last name "L.") Many pre-20th century literary authors, on the other hand, are assigned a unique class number. The P-PZ40 table is generally not applied to these authors.

Example. Emily Dickinson has a single number: PS1541. For biography and criticism of Emily Dickinson, LC adds a second line Z5, and a third line Cuttered to the main entry:

050

0

0

$a PS1541.Z5 $b S55 1983

100

1

$a Shurr, Willaim.

245

1

4

$a The marriage of Emily Dickinson : $b a study of the fancies / $c William H. Shurr.

264

1

$a Lexington, KY : $b University Press, $c [1983]

SML call number

852

0

0

$b SML $h PS1541.Z5 $i S55X 1983

Since most single number authors will have been established in Orbis and enough time has passed for at least one or two books to have been written about them, the lack of an author Cutter will usually be the clue that the P-PZ40 table should not be applied. Since SML did not deviate from LC for pre-20th century authors, if there is already a pattern set up for the author in Orbis, follow the pattern, adjusting the book number if necessary. When in doubt, refer member copy for pre-20th century authors to staff authorized to check the number in ClassWeb. For works (collected or separate) by the author, it is generally a good idea to have the number checked on ClassWeb.

Author with More than One Number

A voluminous author or an author whose works have appeared in many editions will have a range of numbers. Such an author will have separate numbers assigned to each major work, as well as separate numbers for other aspects of the author’s work. Search Orbis and compare LC 050 treatment of the following titles:

The second part of King Henry the Fourth. Edited by Samuel B. Hemingway. (PR2811.A2=Edition; H45=editor, Hemingway)

The second part of King Henry the Fourth. Edited by Norman N. Holland (PR2811.A2=Edition; H6=editor, Holland)

A critical commentary on Shakespeare’s King Henry IV, part 2. By Peter Hollindale. (PR2811.H65)

Henry V. Edited by Gary Taylor, an edition published 1982. (PR2812.A2=Edition of Henry V; T28=editor)

William Shakespeare : an introduction to his life, times, and theatre. By Irving Ribner. (PR2894=Criticism and biography of Shakespeare; general works)

Shakespeare’s early comedies. By E.M.W. Tillyard. (PR2981=Shakespeare’s comedies)

The wheel of fire : interpretations of Shakespearian tragedy. By G. Wilson Knight. (PR2983=Shakespeare’s tragedies)

The structure of Shakespearean scenes. By James E. Hirsch. (PR2997=Shakespeare, special topics)

Since voluminous authors will have specific numbers assigned to separate works, determining a pattern based on past practice may be misleading. Refer member copy for pre-20th century voluminous authors to staff authorized to check the number in ClassWeb.


PZ Call Numbers

With the Feb. 2005 policy change, PZ call numbers are now assigned for juvenile belle lettres. The 050 00 for Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets:

050

0

0

$a PZ7.R7968 $b Har 1999

From SCM: Classification F615 Juvenile Materials:

“4. Belles lettres. Class in PZ all books of juvenile and young adult fiction, in all languages, general (multi-genre) collections of juvenile belles-lettres, picture storybooks, alphabet and counting books with a story line, stories in rhyme, individual song texts illustrated for children, juvenile folk tales, and traditional nursery rhymes. Juvenile fiction, folklore, etc., in English are classed in PZ5-PZ10.3; other languages are provided with similar ranges for this purpose. Class juvenile poetry, drama, humor, and comic books in the P-PT literature schedules.”

Note that the scope note of 4. does not apply to works of biography/criticism of an author whose works class in PZ. Note also that the use of PZ for non-juvenile literature is no longer authorized in the schedules.

For those authorized to assign new numbers, follow these guidelines:

Navigating the PZ schedule. Tip: if you need to assign a PZ number, log on to ClassWeb and access PZ through the Hierarchy Classification Browser  rather than the Standard or Enhanced Classification Browser to get an overview of that part of the schedule. You can then click on the hotlinks to get more and more detail.

Shelflisting for PZ should be against the LC Online Catalog. Given the relatively small number of member records with PZ, it is probably easier to check against the LC catalog, probably the largest collection of books using the PZ class.


Workflow for Literature: Belletristic Works, Criticism and Interpretation, and Biography

1. Determine if cataloging for the item has an 050 00 call number. If it does, add trailing X. No shelflisting needed.

  • If the cataloging for the item does not have an 050 00 number but has an 050 _4 or 090 (member copy), then determine if the class number is an LC literature class. If it isn't (the subjects indicate the book is on linguistics, philology, etc.), process like any other non-literature call number. If the number is a literature class, go to 2.
  • If there is no 050 _4 or 090, go to 3.

2. From the 050/090, determine:

  • whether the book is belletristic (fiction, poetry, drama, sometimes general essays usually of a personal nature) or a work of "criticism and interpretation" or biography (the subjects or lack of them will generally determine this).
  • whether the call number is constructed in the form CLASS-AUTHOR CUTTER-BOOK NUMBER (single Cutter author).

If the author is not of the single Cutter type, i.e. it is a single number author like Emily Dickinson or a multi-number author like Shakespeare, accept the number in 050 _4 or 090.

If no LCC number has been assigned, have the number checked on ClassWeb if it is a work (collected works or separate work) by the author. For single number authors like Dickinson, if it is biography, criticism, etc, and the pattern has already been established (other works about the author have already been cataloged) follow the pattern already set up in Orbis, adjusting the book number if necessary.

  • whether the book is juvenile belletristic (PZ). If the number wasn't assigned by LC, accept the number. If the book is juvenile/young adult and there is no call number, send it to the no call number shelf.

3. If the author name is used as a main entry or a subject without subdivisions, use the Orbis Retrieve Authorities function to open the authority record (if it is in Orbis). Otherwise, use a Staff-Name search on the author’s name to see to see if the author is represented in Orbis.

  • If the author is a single Cutter type, use (in order of preference) the 053/050 00 Cutter or the 852 Cutter if the author is represented in Orbis. The book number should be accepted as is.
  • If the 050 _4/090 number is PZ class, use the number but shelflist it against the LC Online catalog rather than the Orbis catalog.
  • If there are no cataloged works by the author in Orbis, check in LCDB to see if LC has established a number for the author. If LC has established the author, use the LC number; the book number should be accepted as is.
  • If there are no cataloged works by the single Cutter author in Orbis, and LCDB indicates that LC has not established a Cutter for the author, shelflist the 050 4/090 author number against the Orbis OPAC. Once you have saved a call number entered in the staff MFHD record, note that the Refresh button in Web Voyage will re-display the sequence with the new number inserted. The number must respect the alphabetical sequence of the author numbers previously established. Two authors may not have the same number unless they publish under a single name  (e.g. Ellery Queen).* If there are split files caused by trailing X numbers, ignore the X numbers when determining the filing sequence; however, note that if one of the X numbers is for your author, you should prefer the author Cutter used by LC 050 00.

*It is possible that LC will have claimed a number already used by Yale for a different author. Provisionally, the decision is to use the same number for two different authors (in practice this has already happened with some authors due to human error). However, there may be situations where we will need to reclass; in that case the items with the Yale number should be reclassed.

  • If you don't have an 050 4/090, and a search in Orbis or LCDB shows that the author is not a single Cutter type (pre-20th century), refer to 2b.

4. For authors already assigned a Cutter in Orbis, it is no longer necessary to determine if Orbis has earlier editions of the work; it is no longer necessary to check for an edition of the original if you have a translation. Since we accept member book numbers as is; we accept that we are no longer committed to keeping editions and translations together.

5. In general, it is no longer necessary to keep book numbers in sequence.

6. If the author number is established and the book is about an individual work by the author, accept the member book number as is. If a new number for a book about a work is needed, check Orbis to determine the book number used at Yale for that work, add 3 and additional digit(s) for the main entry.

7. If the item cataloged being cataloged is about the author’s works in general (or a biography, autobiography, or correspondence), accept the member copy book number as is without trying to reconcile it with the existing shelf sequence. Do not use the old SML notation (Z9/Z5/Z6/Z7). If a new book number needs to be assigned, create the number from the unofficial table or shelflist against the OPAC, whichever is easier.


New Procedures for Cataloging Belletristic Materials at SML

New Procedures for Cataloging Belletristic Materials at SML

To: SML Technical Services Staff
From: Joan Swanekamp
Date: (01/31/2005 creation date/ 02/16/2005 10:15 AM revision date)

The rationale for this change in procedure is to reduce staff time spent processing belletristic materials. Note that in order to save staff time, the decision is to continue to do most shelflisting against Orbis rather than against the LC Online Catalog. It is understood that split files will be created as a result of the change.

Effective: Feb. 1, 2005

1. All items in LC classes P-PZ if there is LC copy with 050 00. Fastcat, students, and authorized C&T acquisitions staff in SML Africana, Southeast Asia, and science libraries should only catalog books that fall into this category.

  • Use the 050 00 call number with trailing X.
  • Do not spend time searching to see if the author has been established at Yale.
  • Do not spend time searching to see if there are earlier editions of the work.
  • Do not check for the original if the book in hand is a translation.
  • For translations, follow the standard trailing X procedure when translation numbers have been used and place the X directly before 12-19 .

2-3 below to be followed by original and copy catalogers with authorization to catalog member copy or original cataloging. If LC copy with 050 00 is in hand, follow procedure in 1. above.

2. Literary author (P-PZ) without LC copy. Search author using Staff Name search.

a. If cataloged records and/or authority record are found, assign the LC author number or the Yale author number, whichever is more efficient.* If both numbers are known, prefer LC. Apply the LC notation for biography, criticism, correspondence, etc. whether the author number was assigned by LC or Yale (i.e., use of Yale modifications Z9/Z5/Z6/Z7 will cease after Jan. 2005.) For items requiring LC notation for biography, criticism, correspondence, etc., use the LC author number and shelflist against the LC Online Catalog.

b. If no cataloged records and/or authority record are found, shelflist against the Yale catalog.

  • When fitting a new author into an alphabetical sequence, follow standard procedure and shelflist around trailing X numbers if necessary (i.e., ignore trailing X numbers when defining the alphabetical sequence if they conflict with the main sequence).
  • Exception 1. If decision is to use PZ, shelflist against the LC catalog. See SCM: Classification F 615 Juvenile Materials, #4.
  • Note that F 615 does NOT apply to works of biography, criticism, etc.; use the appropriate non-PZ number in such cases.
  • Exception 2. If the record is to be contributed as PCC, shelflist against the LC online catalog.
  • In all cases, exceptions included, do not apply the Yale modification of the LC table for biography, criticism, correspondence, etc. (do not use Z9/Z5/Z6/Z7); always apply the LC notation.

3. Non-literary authors in P-PZ class without LC copy (e.g. linguistics and philology). Shelflist against the Yale catalog. When fitting a new author into an alphabetical sequence, follow standard procedure and shelflist around trailing X numbers if necessary (i.e., ignore trailing X numbers when defining the alphabetical sequence if they conflict with the main sequence). Always apply the appropriate LC table notation if necessary.

*Here are some points to consider:

  • If you retrieve a cataloged record in Orbis and notice that the bib record for that MFHD happens to have a 050 00 [NOT: 050 _4], use the LC call number. However, you aren't expected to go out of your way to find a 053 or a 050 if the information is not readily available.
  • If the author is new to Orbis, continue the Staff Name search in LCDB to see if LC has assigned an 050 to another work by the author.
  • Many authority records have 053 or 090 LC with the LC number assigned, but many do not. If you examine the authority record in your workflow, and there is a 053 or 090 LC, use the LC number. If your workflow bypasses the authority record and bases the class number from the MFHDs of other titles by the same author, use the MFHD class number.
  • You still need to make sure that the MFHD number applies to your author, e.g. sometimes your author is writing about another writer, or the book is a collaboration and the number is actually for the collaborator.
  • You need to be especially careful with pre-20th century authors, since in many cases the numbers are not constructed in the form <author number> $b book number).

Addendum: Prior to Feb. 2005, catalogers had the option of assigning a trailing W to belletristic materials with 050 00 for the L&B collection only. The special procedure for the L&B collection ceased with the implementation of the trailing X procedure for belletristic 050 00 materials for all collections cataloged by SML.

QUICK REFERENCE TABLES

Guidelines for Cataloging Belletristic Materials (SML) Arranged by Type of Copy

Guidelines for Cataloging Belletristic Materials (SML) Arranged by Workflow

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Belletristic Call Numbers
(Detailed workflow instructions for cataloging literature call numbers)

P-PZ40 Table

P-PZ40 Examples

Shelflisting Introduction

Use of Trailing X in Call Numbers

Last updated: 16-Feb-2005