Glossary B-C

barcode A machine readable code consisting of printed parallel lines of varying thicknesses used for fast, error-free entry of data into a computer. See also item record.
BIBCO "The monographic bibliographic record component of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging." Allows NACO members to contribute monograph records to the national utilities. BIBCO records are under full authority control, i.e. all headings are represented by an authority record in the national file; description follows AACR2 and the LCRIs.
bibliographic description In cataloging, the description of any item, divided into the following areas: title and statement of responsibility, edition, publication, distribution, etc.; physical description, series, notes which further describe the item.
Bibliographic Formats and Standards Documents the OCLC intepretation of the MARC 21 format.
bibliographic record A catalog entry, now generally in machine readable form, carrying full cataloging information for a given item in the library.
bibliographic resource Whatever catalogers decide to catalog: a book, a collection of works, an object, a collection of objects, etc. AACR2 generally uses "item."
bibliographic utility Organizations maintaining large databases of bibliographic records, e.g. OCLC.
boolean operators Used to modify keyword searching requests. The most common operators are AND (narrows the search), OR (broadens), and NOT (excludes from the search).
bound-withs Multiple distinct bibliographic titles bound together in a single physical volume.
call number The unique combination of letters and numbers, which indicates the position of a book on the shelf. Books cataloged at Yale before about 1970 have call numbers based on the Yale classification system (also known as Old Yale); most titles cataloged from 1970 on have call numbers based on the Library of Congress classification system.
catalog A list of books, serials, maps, recordings, or any other medium of which a collection is composed. It may be arranged by alphabet, by number, or by subject.
Catalog Management Team responsible for QA of Orbis bibliographic records, especially with regard to recon clean-up.
Cataloger's Desktop A collection of infobases published by the Library of Congress Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS) and issued on CD-ROM. Includes AACR2, the LCRIs, the CONSER manuals, the SCM, and the MARC formats. At Yale, the contents of Cataloger's Desktop are copied to a library server, allowing simultaneous access to a set number of users determined by the site license.
Cataloger's Toolkit Software developed by Gary Strawn (Northwestern) to facilitate authority control and other aspects of cataloging in Voyager
CCC Cataloging Coordinating Council. Consists of representatives from YUL cataloging constituencies; responsible for YUL cataloging policies and procedures.
CIP Cataloging-in-Publication records are created from publisher's data sheets sent to the Library of Congress prior to publication. The CIP program is restricted to U.S. imprints, so most CIP records are for English-language publications. CIP does not represent cataloging with piece in hand, and the descriptive elements will require editing. The CIP record may deviate significantly from the book you are cataloging. Encoding level is 8. Usually pronounced See-Eye-Pea at Yale, but pronounced "sip" (as in drink) at other institutions.
ClassWeb Web version of the Library of Congress classification schedules. Includes the LCSH database as well. (Note that the Introduction to LCSH is on the Cataloger's Desktop) As a site-licensed product, access is limited at Yale to a set number of simultaneous users and is password protected. Local notes may only be entered by the designated administrators.
cluster A group of records in the same RLIN file with the same or similar values for some or all of the following: LC card number, ISBN, title, publisher, publication date, pagination, and edition statement. A search request using a value that matches an access point in any record in the cluster retrieves the entire cluster.
Connexion OCLC web and windows based software used for searching, cataloging, and exporting in OCLC.
CONSER Cooperative Online Serials program within PCC. Members contribute serial records on OCLC and set the standards for serial cataloging in the U.S. Yale does not contribute records on OCLC but follows the CONSER standards. The CONSER Cataloging Manual and the CONSER Editing Guide are on the Cataloger's Desktop.
content designators General term for the characters that identify the data elements of a machine readable bibliographic record. Specific content designators include: tags, indicators, subfield codes, and delimiters.
continuing resource A bibliographic resource that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion. Continuing resources include serials and ongoing integrating resources
CJK Chinese-Japanese-Korean. Subset of JACKPHY
Connexion OCLC web-based software used to access Worldcat. Windows version expected late 2003. Replaces OCLC's Passport and CatMe software.
copy cataloging The cataloging of a bibliographic resource by using an existing bibliographic record and altering it as needed to match the item in hand and to conform to local cataloging practice. Also called derived cataloging.
core record BIBCO standard defining minimal data elements for a bibliographic record in each format, where all headings are represented by an authority record in the national file, and description follows AACR2 and the LCRIs. Core records have encoding level: 4.
corporate name Name of a corporate body, i.e. an organization or group of persons that can act as a single entity. In MARC corporate names are x10 tags, i.e. 110, 610, 710, 810, except for the subset of conference names that use x11: 111, 611, 711, 811. Examples of corporate bodies are: associations, institutions (hospitals, libraries), business firms, nonprofit enterprises, governments and government agencies, religious bodies, local churches, and conferences.

LC Cataloging Policy and Support Office. Determines cataloging policy at LC; authors the LCRIs; has representatives on PCC and JSC.

cutter number Alpha-numeric designation used to subarrange call numbers with the same class number.