Archival Collections: A Checklist
The Gilmore Music Library holds the papers of many musicians, scholars, and organizations, including Benny Goodman, Vladimir Horowitz, Charles Ives, Robert Shaw, Virgil Thomson, and Kurt Weill, as well as substantial portions of the papers of Paul Hindemith and Cole Porter. Each collection is unique, but typically includes some combination of manuscript and printed music, correspondence and other paper documents, sound recordings, photographs, and miscellaneous objects. Detailed information about the contents of collections that have been processed can be found in the Yale Finding Aid Database. For information about collections that are unprocessed or partially processed, please consult the Music Library staff. For further information about using archival collections, see the guide to Music Library Special Collections.
- Achron, Isidor, MSS 68
- Anderson, Leroy, MSS 61
- Appleton, Adelina Carola, MSS 128
- Arma, Paul, MSS 136
- Asia, Daniel, MSS 91
- Bacon, Leonard Woolsey, Misc. Ms. 54
- Bailey, Mildred, MSS 48
- Bailey, Parker, MSS 34
- Banquer, Earl, MSS 80
- Barnett, James G, John F. and John, MSS 58
- Bartholomew, Marshall, MSS 24
- Batelli, Enrico, MSS 92
- Battell, Robbins, Misc. Ms. 157
- Baumgartner, Hope Leroy, MSS 22
- Beethoven Society (Providence, R.I.), Misc. Ms. 348
- Bekker, Paul, MSS 50
- Bilger, Hans L., MSS 95
- Boatwright, Howard and Helen, MSS 93
- Boola-Boola, Variations on, MSS 123
- Boritch, Wladimir, MSS 113
- Bozyan, Frank, Misc. Ms. 146
- Bracher, Ruth, MSS 124
- Bull, Ole, Misc. Ms. 286
- Burkat, Leonard, MSS 25
- Burns, Richard C., MSS 104
- Camp, Charles Lewis Nichols, MSS 23
- Carter, Ernest Trow, MSS 40
- Caruso, Enrico, MSS 100
- Clarion Music Society, MSS 67
- Clementi, Muzio, Misc. Ms. 174
- Choral Octavos by Yale Alumni, Misc. Ms. 57
- Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel, Misc. Ms. 290
- Corelli, Marie, MSS 19
- Currier, Donald, MSS 109
- Dance, Stanley and Helen Oakley, MSS 62
- Davidson, Duane A., MSS 17
- DeLong, Richard, MSS 111
- Donovan, Richard, MSS 7
- Dougherty, Celius, Misc. Ms. 241
- Dukas, Paul: correspondence with Marguerite Hasselmans, MSS 107; correspondence with Gabriel Fauré, Misc. Ms. 287; correspondence with Paul Poujaud, Misc. Ms. 288
- Easley, Peter, Misc. Ms. 52
- Elliott, Alonzo, MSS 18
- Engel, Lehman, MSS 39
- Erskine, John, MSS 114
- Farrar, Geraldine, MSS 101
- Fauré, Gabriel, Misc. Ms. 287
- Fine, Sylvia, MSS 108
- Forte, Allen, MSS 135
- Frink, Charles, MSS 76
- French, Richard F., MSS 88
- Galeazzi family, MSS 16
- Gardner, Samuel, MSS 37
- Gilbert, Henry, MSS 35
- Gilbert & Sullivan, MSS 12
- Glenn, John Carter, MSS 9
- Goel, Ravi, MSS 130
- Goodman, Benny, MSS 53
- Gounod Society, Misc. Ms. 60
- Griffis, Elliot, Misc. Ms. 53
- Hall, Thomas, MSS 81
- Hammond, John, MSS 57
- Harburg, E. Y. "Yip", MSS 83
- Hartmann, Thomas de, MSS 46
- Hasselmans, Marguerite, MSS 107
- Heath, Fenno, MSS 97
- Hermanns, Heida, MSS 78
- Hindemith, Paul, MSS 47
- Holde, Artur, MSS 78
- Horowitz, Vladimir and Wanda Toscanini, MSS 55
- International Society for Contemporary Music (ISCM), Misc. Ms. 171
- Ives, Charles, MSS 14
- Jaskewitz, Joseph, Misc. Ms 245
- Jenkins, Newell, MSS 67
- Jepson, Harry Benjamin, Misc. Ms. 216
- Johnson, John Rosamond, MSS 21
- Jolas, Betsy, MSS 106
- Kastendieck, Miles, MSS 117
- Kauffman, Charles Henry, Misc. Ms. 427
- Kay, Hershy, MSS 28
- Kaye, Danny, MSS 108
- Kenneson, Claude, MSS 94
- Kirkpatrick, John, MSS 56
- Kirkpatrick, Ralph, MSS 11
- Kish, Dorothy and George, MSS 116
- Klein, Arthur and Luce, MSS 105
- Kowalski, Max, Misc. Ms. 293
- Kosakoff, Reuven, MSS 130
- Kraehenbuehl, David, MSS 79
- Laderman, Ezra, MSS 133
- Langenus, Gustave, MSS 89
- Lees, Benjamin, MSS 134
- Lenya, Lotte, MSS 30
- Lewis, Ted, MSS 60
- Libretto Collection, Misc. Ms. 302
- Lieberson, Goddard, MSS 69
- Lind, Jenny, Misc. Ms. 242
- Loeffler, Charles Martin, Misc. Ms. 270
- Loomis Temple of Music, Misc. Ms. 55
- Loos, Armin, MSS 20
- Love, Helen Douglas, MSS 1
- Love, Lucy Cleveland Prindle, MSS 1
- McBrien, William, MSS 131
- McPartland, Marian, MSS 63
- Mason, Lowell, MSS 33
- Mehegan, John, Misc. Ms 354
- Miscellaneous Letters and Documents File, Misc. Ms. 372
- Music Vale Seminary, Misc. Ms. 218
- Neufeld, Philip M., MSS 125
- New Haven Concert Programs, Misc. Ms. 300
- New Haven Music Club, MSS 4
- New Haven: Music, Vocal and Instrumental, Associated with, Misc. Ms. 365
- New Haven Oratorio Society, MSS 5
- New York Brass Quintet, MSS 74
- Nilsson, Christine, MSS 126
- Norvo, "Red", MSS 48
- Oakley (Dance), Helen, MSS 62
- Opochinsky, David and Fanny, MSS 77
- Ornstein, Leo, MSS 10
- Overtone Records, Inc., MSS 104
- Palisca, Claude V., MSS 98
- Papas, Sophocles, MSS 120
- Parker, Horatio, MSS 32
- Patti, Adelina, MSS 102
- Perlis, Vivian, MSS 96
- Plamenac, Dragan, MSS 45
- Plaut, Fred and Rose, MSS 52
- Pottle, Sam, MSS 90
- Porter, Cole, MSS 82
- Porter, Quincy, MSS 15
- Poujaud, Paul, Misc. Ms 288
- Powell, Mel, MSS 70
- Prominent Figures in Historical Recorded Sound, MSS 103
- Reed, Edward Bliss, MSS 127
- Rockwell, Julia Ludlow, Misc. Ms. 173
- Rome, Harold, MSS 49
- Rose, Sidney, MSS 12
- Ruggles, Carl, MSS 26
- Sauter, Eddie, MSS 64
- Schmitz, E. Robert, MSS 54
- Schoen-René, Anna, MSS 110
- Schneeloch, Emilie and Emma, MSS 6
- Schrade, Leo, MSS 42
- Schreker, Franz, MSS 51
- Scranton, Helen Douglas Love, MSS 1
- Segovia, Andrés, MSS 120
- Shackford, Charles Reeve, MSS 38
- Shaw, Robert, MSS 86
- Shepard, Thomas Z., MSS 112
- Shifrin, Seymour, MSS 36
- Silent Film Music, Misc. Ms. 176
- Simon, Eric, MSS 84
- Simonds, Bruce, Misc. Ms. 308
- Smith, David Stanley, MSS 31
- Smith, Frank H., Misc. Ms. 56
- Smith, T. Max, MSS 8
- Smyth, Ethel, Misc. Ms. 418
- Society for the Publication of American Music (SPAM), Misc. Ms. 172
- Sokoloff, Noel, MSS 115
- Somer, Hilde, MSS 44
- South Before the War Company, MSS 87
- Spohr, Louis, MSS 23
- Spoken Arts, MSS 105
- Stern, Blake, Misc. Ms. 307
- Stewart, "Slam" Leroy Elliott, MSS 59
- Stoeckel Family, Misc. Ms. 247
- Stoeckel, Gustave Jacob, MSS 27
- Stone, Kurt, MSS 71
- Swensen, Richard D. and Grace H., MSS 121
- Swift, Kay, MSS 65
- Taylor, Deems, MSS 66
- Tkaczenko, Alexander, MSS 119
- Templeton, Alec, MSS 41
- Thomson, Virgil, MSS 29
- Tirro, Frank, Misc. Ms 355
- Troostwyk Family Papers, Misc. Ms. 306
- United Church (New Haven), Misc. Ms. 339
- Van Nes, Mary, Misc. Ms. 291
- Watters, Clarence, MSS 72
- Weigl, Karl, MSS 73
- Weill, Kurt, MSS 30
- Wilshire, Florence, Misc. Ms. 174
- World War I Sheet Music, MSS 129
- Wright, Helen Madeline, MSS 2
- Yaffe, Samuel, MSS 85
- Yale University. School of Music, MSS 3
- Yale University. School of Music. Doctor of Musical Arts, MSS 13
- Yale University. School of Music. Graduate Degree Projects, Misc. Ms. 51
- Yale University. Music Curriculum Project, Misc. Ms. 59
- Yale University. Seminar on Music Education, MSS 122
- Young, Karl, MSS 43
MSS 1 - The Love Family Papers; 3'
Approximately 1,400 letters and cards spanning the years 1888-1960 and addressed to Lucy Cleveland Prindle Love and to her daughter, Helen Douglas (Love) Scranton. The latter was the secretary to Franz Kneisel, the founder of the Kneisel Quartet. Among the strongly-represented musicians are Harold Bauer, David Bisphan, Teresa Carreño, Frank and Walter Damrosch, Rubin Goldmark, and Henry Holden Huss. A gift of William Gaines (Helen Scranton's cousin) in 1969.
MSS 2 - The Helen Wright Papers; .25'
Approximately 25 letters and 10 photographs of Myra Hess and Teresa Carreño addressed to Helen Madeline Wright, a former pupil of theirs. The material spans the years 1907-1954. A gift of Mrs. Arnold Hall in 1961.
MSS 3 - The Yale School of Music Papers; 8'
The collection contains 550 letters spanning the years 1897-1950 and involving chiefly Horatio Parker, the New Haven Symphony, and prominent musical personalities of the day. It also includes many concert programs, as well as some student papers and compositions. Manuscripts and Archives also holds archival collections from the Yale School of Music.
MSS 4 - The New Haven Music Club Papers; .5'
Three manuscript record books of the Club's activities from 1921 to 1946. The approximately twenty-five members of the Club, mostly local ladies, were all performers and held monthly recitals.
MSS 5 - The New Haven Oratorio Society Papers; 5'
Created in 1903 by Horatio Parker, the Society was formed to promote musical culture, especially choral music, in New Haven and Connecticut. Included for the Society's ten-year existence are the records of the Secretary and Treasurer.
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MSS 6 - The Schneeloch Family Papers; 2'
These are the professional records of two New Haven sisters, Emma and Emilie Schneeloch, during their concert tours throughout the country from 1886 to 1893. Most of the travels were with the Gilmore Band. Included are letters, programs, photographs, and two diaries. Additional information about the sisters is in the Bacon-Schneeloch Family Papers, Manuscript Group Number 707, in the Manuscripts and Archives department of Yale's Sterling Memorial Library.
MSS 7 - The Richard Donovan Papers; 20'
Housed in thirty archival boxes, the Collection contains material from Donovan's long and active career as a composer, teacher, conductor, and important musical force in the New Haven area. Included are essentially all of his musical works (sketches, holographs, and published editions); about 300 letters, many with important musical personalities of the day; material dealing with the American Composers Alliance and the Yado festivals, with which he was highly active; photographs; programs, reviews, classroom notebooks; and photocopies or holographs of manuscripts of other composers. Donovan (1891-1970) was on the faculty of the Yale School of Music from 1928 to 1960.
MSS 8 - The Max Smith Papers; 12'
Smith (1874-1935) was a music critic for the New York Press (1903-1916) and the New York American (1916-1919, 1923) and a foreign music correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune. The Papers consist of about 250 letters, telegrams, and cards addressed to Smith by prominent musical personalities and about 30 communiques to Arturo Toscanini, with whom Smith had a friendship and business relationship for many years. Also included are copies of 14 letters by Josef Giehr to his parents during his studies in Rome with Franz Liszt (1879-80).
MSS 9 - John Carter Glenn Collection; 5'
A collection of 27 autographs and autograph letters signed, dating from 1886 to 1912, including letters of d'Albert, Tchaikovsky, Victor Herbert, Moskowsky, Paderewski, and Scharwenka.
MSS 10 - The Leo Ornstein Papers; 12'
Leo Ornstein, born in Russia in 1892 or 93, was active as a composer until shortly before his death 2002. The Papers include all known existing holographs of his long career as a composer (about 175 titles in a variety of instrumental and vocal forms), photographs, programs, correspondence, and reviews. After a highly active career as a composer related to the Futurist School and as a brilliant piano soloist, he retired from concert life and founded with his wife the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia. Vivian Perlis, in her research of 20th-century American music, brought Ornstein and his music back to the mainstream of concert life. The Music Library also has several sealed boxes of sketches that are not to be opened in Ornstein's lifetime. See also the Poon Hill Press website for Ornstein's music available on the web.
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Over one hundred 20th-century works for harpsichord, including holograph, copyist, printed, and composer-facsimile editions, many either dedicated to or commissioned by Kirkpatrick.
Source materials, notes, and correspondence for his various editions and translations of his book Domenico Scarlatti and related publications.
He bequeathed to Yale his remaining papers, which include programs and reviews of his performances, his writings, correspondence, and photographs. His extensive library of books and scores has been dispersed: rare items have been processed for the Music Library's Rare Book Collection and some duplicates were sold at Sotheby's auctions in London in July and November 1988; non-rare items have been incorporated into the circulating collection or sold to another library. With the income from the sales an endowed book fund in Kirkpatrick's name was established, the income being used to purchase rare materials or for the general support of the Music Library. (Partially catalogued)
MSS 12 - The Sidney Rose Collection of Gilbert and Sullivan; 12'
The sixteen boxes of material were collected by Rose, who intended to write a history of Gilbert and Sullivan production in America. Included are newspaper and periodical articles pertaining to specific productions, revivals, and artists; production pictures; librettos, scores, and sheet music; and posters. Additional material concerning Gilbert and Sullivan, not a part of Rose's Collection, is in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
MSS 13 - The Yale School of Music D.M.A. Papers; 89'
The Yale School of Music D.M.A. Papers contain dossiers documenting the professional activities of successful candidates for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts. They cover a degree candidate's activities between receipt of the Master of Musical Arts degree and return for the D.M.A. degree. New dossiers are added each year.
The music is listed in James B. Sinclair's A Descriptive Catalogue of the Music of Charles Ives (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999).
Other materials, including literary writings, correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, writings about Ives, and Ives's collection of music by others are in a finding aid prepared by Vivian Perlis.
The Papers include essentially all of Ives's existing sketches, manuscripts, and published works. See also the Charles Ives Society's website.
MSS 15 - The Quincy Porter Papers; 43'
Quincy Porter (1897-1966) was involved with the American Composers Alliance, the National Institute of Arts & Letters, the American Music Center, and the Yaddo festivals in addition to his professorships at the Cleveland Institute, Vassar College, the New England Conservatory, and Yale University (1946-66). He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for musical composition in 1954. In addition to his musical works, the Papers include an extensive correspondence, programs, scrapbooks, classroom papers, published articles, photographs, and music of other composers.
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MSS 16 - The Galeazzi Collection; 4.5'
The Collection was purchased from Marchesa Novella Castiglioni in Falconara (near Ancona) in 1971 by Harold E. Samuel while on sabbatic leave in Italy. It consists of 130 manuscripts and some printed material (added to the Rare Book Collection). Among the few dated manuscripts, the earliest is 1806, the latest 1898, thus spanning several generations of the Galeazzi family. The most prominent musician in the family was Francesco Galeazzi (1758-1819), the author ofElementi teorico-practici di musica (Rome, 1791-96), 2 volumes, which is important for its early description of sonata form. The Collection of manuscripts is rather evenly divided between vocal and instrumental music. Operatic excerpts, especially those of Donizetti, Rossini, and Verdi, make up the major portion.
MSS 17 - The Duane A. Davidson Papers; 4'
Davidson (1935-64), a pupil of Quincy Porter, won several awards for his compositions and enjoyed performances of his works in the United States and Europe during his short life. Other than reviews and programs, the Papers contain his musical works for a variety of media.
MSS 18 - The Zo Elliott Papers; 10'
"Zo" Elliott (1891-1964) was the composer of "There's a Long, Long Trail a Winding." The bulk of the Papers consists of sketches, scores, and material for his opera Top Sergeant. Also included are manuscripts of several popular songs, literary writings of Elliott, and small numbers of correspondence, clippings, and photographs. Elliott was especially interested in the history of John Brown.
MSS 19 - The Marie Corelli Collection; .5'
Corelli (1855-1924) was a prominent British poet and melodramatic author. She was also a pianist and composer. The collection consists of eight holographs of her songs, twenty song settings of her texts by various composers (several are manuscript copies), and miscellaneous items. Corelli's literary works and correspondence are in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
MSS 20 - The Armin Loos Papers; 6'
Loos (1904-1971) immigrated to the United States from Dresden in 1928. He was an evening and weekend composer, living much of his life in New Britain, Connecticut. Few of his works were performed during his lifetime. His widow has been successful in promoting them after his death. The bulk of the Papers consist of his musical works, including five string quartets and four symphonies. The Library has tapes of performances of thirteen of Loos's works. An early encouragement to Loos was the award of second prize in a WPA-sponsored choral competition in 1938, in which William Schuman received first prize, David Diamond third, and Elliott Carter fifth.
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MSS 21 - The J. Rosamond Johnson Papers; 8'
John Rosamond Johnson (1873-1954) and his brother, James Weldon Johnson, composed and wrote the lyrics for "Lift Every Voice and Sing," considered to be the "black national anthem." The two brothers and Bob Cole collaborated on more than two hundred songs during their seven years of existence as the Cole and Johnson Brothers. Rosamond had a remarkable career. He studied at the New England Conservatory, was a conductor in London, an officer in the United States Army, a founding member of ASCAP, toured as a pianist with Taylor Gordon, played in movies, was active in vaudeville, and created the role of Lawyer Frazier in Porgy and Bess. His Papers include musical manuscripts, published works, correspondence, programs, clippings, and photographs. James Weldon's Papers are in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
MSS 22 - The H. Leroy Baumgartner Papers; 3'
Baumgartner (1891-1968) taught composition and music theory in the Yale School of Music from 1919 to 1960. His collection consists almost entirely of his music, most of which was written for the church: works for solo voice, solo organ, and chorus.
MSS 23 - The Camp Collection of the Music of Louis Spohr; 4.5'
Charles Lewis Nichols Camp, a New Haven bibliophile, amassed an extensive collection of the works of Louis Spohr (1784-1859), in early printed editions and in copyists' hands. The collection came to Yale as a bequest after Camp's death in 1922.
MSS 24 - The Marshall Bartholomew Papers; 11'
Marshall Bartholomew (1885-1978) was director of the Yale Glee Club and of undergraduate musical activities at Yale from 1921 to 1953. He founded the International Student Musical Council in 1931 to promote international good will through singing, and he served in various relief capacities during both World Wars. All of his life he was especially active as a composer and arranger of songs for singing groups. His final major project was research into the history of music at Yale in preparation for a book on the subject, which was not completed. All of these activities are represented in his Papers. (Partially processed)
MSS 25 - The Leonard Burkat Papers; 3'
Leonard Burkat (1919-1992) was active as an assistant to Charles Munch, an administrator for Tanglewood, and head of the Columbia Records Masterworks label. The collection consists of correspondence with well-known musicians accumulated during his career. The largest correspondences are with Samuel Barber, Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland, Henri Dutilleux, Lukas Foss, Charles Munch, and Francis Poulenc.
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MSS 26 - The Carl Ruggles Papers; 39'
The relatively small output of Ruggles (1876-1971) is represented in his Papers by fourteen songs, seventeen other works, and hundreds of pages of sketches. There are also several works by other composers; a large amount of correspondence to and from Ruggles, including correspondence with Henry Cowell, Lou Harrison, Charles Ives, and Edgard Varese; a vast number of programs and clippings; photographs; and Ruggles's paintings.
MSS 27 - The Gustav Jakob Stoeckel Papers; 3'
The composer and first Professor of Music at Yale, Gustav Jakob Stoeckel (1819-1907), was born in Bavaria. His association with Yale began in 1855 as "Organist and Chapel Master." His appointment as Professor of Music did not occur until 1890, a few years before his retirement and near the time when Yale began offering a degree in music. The Papers include Stoeckel's six operas and other musical and non-musical works.
MSS 28 - The Hershy Kay Papers; 17'
In addition to original compositions of Hershy Kay (1919-81), the papers include Kay's arrangements of compositions by George Gershwin, Noel Coward, Carl Maria von Weber, Joseph Haydn, J.S. Bach, Claude Debussy, and several 15th - and 16th-century composers. Seventeen ballets document Kay's collaboration with choreographers Joe Layton, George Balanchine, and Eliot Feld. Supplementing the music manuscripts are programs, clippings, photographs, and writings. There is no correspondence.
MSS 29-MSS 29A - The Virgil Thomson Papers; 183'
The Thomson Papers are in two sections: 72 linear feet of his music manuscripts, correspondence, and financial records given by Thomson (1896-1989) from 1978 to 1984 (cataloged as MSS 29), and about the same amount bequeathed to Yale University (cataloged as MSS 29A). Essentially all of Thomson's music (sketches, holographs, and publications) is included, as is his extensive correspondence (over a hundred archival boxes) with American and French artists in a variety of media, financial records beginning with his student days at Harvard, prose writings about Thomson, hundreds of photographs, and numerous works (published and copies of manuscripts) of other composers. The two parts have separate finding aids. Thomson collaborated with Gertrude Stein on two of his operas, so researchers may also be interested in the Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas Papers at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. See also the Virgil Thomson Foundation's website.
MSS 30 - The Papers of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya; 47'
The Papers of Kurt Weill (1900-1950) and Lotte Lenya (1898-1981) were the gift of the latter in 1980 and by bequest in 1981. The inclusive dates of the Papers are 1890-1984, from their years in Germany through their careers in the United States. Few holograph scores from Weill's European years are included, though his publisher at that time, Universal Edition, gave Yale copies of the original manuscripts held by Universal, which are now on deposit at the Sibley Library of the Eastman School of Music. The American works are essentially complete and are supplemented by correspondence, programs, clippings, photographs, and personal documents representing the careers of Weill and Lenya. The Kurt Weill Foundation for Music, Inc., maintains a Weill/Lenya Research Center in New York City, which is an information center for conductors, performers, and producers. The Foundation has materials not included in the Yale collection.
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MSS 31 - The David Stanley Smith Papers; 21'
A pupil of Horatio Parker, the composer Smith (1877-1949) was in the class of 1900 at Yale College and began teaching at the School of Music in 1903. He succeeded Parker as Dean in 1920. The bulk of the Papers comprise his musical works, covering a broad range of genres. Small amounts of correspondence, clippings, programs, photographs, and writings by and about Smith complete the collection.
MSS 32 - The Horatio Parker Papers; 33'
Parker (1863-1919) was the first Dean of Yale's School of Music, serving from 1904 until his death. The bulk of the Papers were a gift of his widow in 1923. Parker's output as a composer is essentially complete in the Papers, which include holographs as well as manuscripts in other hands and published works. The remainder of the papers contain correspondence, programs, clippings, writings by Parker, and biographical information.
MSS 33 - The Lowell Mason Papers; 9'
The core of the Music Library's Rare Book Department is the Lowell Mason Library, which was a gift to Yale by Mason's family in 1873, a year after Mason's death. The Papers contain holograph and manuscript music by Mason (1792-1872) and others, correspondence, programs, clippings, writings, biographical information, and memorabilia. Included are some papers of Mason's son, William (1829-1908).
MSS 34 - The Parker Bailey Papers; 3'
Parker Bailey (1902-1982) came to Yale College in 1919 to study with Horatio Parker, who died that year. He studied instead with David Stanley Smith from 1920 to 1925, with Quincy Porter from 1925 to 1930, and with Roger Sessions. Following his musical studies he received an LL.B degree from the Cornell Law School in 1934 and practiced law the remainder of his life. His Papers contain correspondence, contracts, literary writings, programs, clippings, photographs, and his holograph and published musical works.
MSS 35 - The Henry Gilbert Papers; 37'
Henry Gilbert (1868-1928) achieved distinction not only as a composer and lecturer, but also as an editor and writer whose articles appeared in many journals. The inclusive dates of his Papers are from 1821 to 1980, though the bulk of material dates between the late 19th century and Gilbert's death in 1928. They contain holograph, manuscript and published music by Gilbert and others, correspondence with leading musicians of the day, clippings, programs, scrapbooks, diaries, financial and legal items, musical games, and writings by him and others. There is also music of his father, Benjamin Franklin Gilbert (1828-1894), and his uncle James L. Gilbert. Gilbert worked extensively with Arthur Farwell in the Wa-Wan Press. Folk songs, and in particular Afro-American music and Indian music, were sources of inspiration to Gilbert.
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MSS 36 - The Seymour Shifrin Papers; 26'
Seymour Jack Shifrin (1926-1979) studied composition with William Schuman, Otto Luening, and Darius Milhaud, and taught composition at the University of California at Berkeley and at Brandeis University. His Papers include his holograph, manuscript, and published music, correspondence, programs, clippings, his writings, photographs, and two manuscripts of Roger Sessions.
MSS 37 - The Samuel Gardner Papers; 4'
Gardner (1891-1984) studied with Charles Martin Loeffler, Felix Winternitz, Fritz Kneisel, and Percy Goetschius. He had a prominent career as a violinist in the well-known Kneisel Quartet, as a recitalist, and as a soloist with leading orchestras in the United States and Europe. Among his compositions are a Violin Concerto, which he premiered in 1918 with the Boston Symphony under Pierre Monteux, the Second String Quartet, for which he received a prize from the Pulitzer Foundation, and "From the Canebrake," his most familiar composition and still a standard encore piece for violinists. The Papers contain his music, correspondence, photographs, programs, and clippings.
MSS 38 - The Charles Shackford Papers; 10.4'
After bachelor and master degrees at Yale, where he studied with Paul Hindemith and Ralph Kirkpatrick, et al., Shackford (1918-1979) received a Ph.D. at Harvard, where he studied with Walter Piston and A. T. Davison and was a research fellow in acoustics. His longest teaching experience was at Connecticut College from 1964 to 1979, when he was killed in an automobile accident. The Papers include his compositions, correspondence, programs, photographs, and a body of writings on music theory and history and musical perception.
MSS 39 - The Lehman Engel Papers; ca.45'
Lehman Engel (1910-1982) was a major figure in the American musical theater -- writing for it, conducting performances, and writing about it. Near the end of his career he led the BMI Workshops, training many aspiring Broadway musical composers. His Papers are a special enrichment of the archival holdings of Virgil Thomson, Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya, Harold Rome, and Charles Ives, with all of whom he had close contacts. A list of his correspondents is a who's who of the musical theater. His compositions cover a variety of media, though he was most attracted to theatrical works. (Partially processed).
MSS 40 - The Ernest Trow Carter Papers; 18'
To support himself, the composer and organist Ernest Trow Carter (1866-1953) had a career in law, during which he continued to compose and perform. He had a B.A. ('88) and an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Princeton, where he taught briefly at the turn of the century and served as editor of Princeton's song book, Carmina Princetonia, from 1887 to 1940. He composed a variety of vocal and instrumental works, including two operas and a ballet-pantomime. One of the operas was performed in Osnabrück, Germany, in 1927. In addition to his published and unpublished music, his Papers include correspondence, programs, clippings, photographs, articles by Carter, and financial documents.
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MSS 41 - The Alec Templeton Papes; ca.24'
The blind Welsh-born pianist and composer Alec Templeton (1909-1963) was a well-known radio performer and a frequent guest of symphony orchestras, especially for fund raisers. He was remarkably successful with improvisation and humorous parodies, "Bach Goes to Town" being his best-known work. His Papers include his compositions (chiefly instrumental), his correspondence, photographs, awards, secretarial diaries, and financial records. (Not yet processed)
MSS 42 - The Leo Schrade Papers; ca.6'
The Papers of the German musicologist Leo Schrade (1903-1964) consist almost exclusively of his tenure on the Yale faculty from 1938 to 1958, when he returned to Europe and was appointed to the music faculty of the University of Basel. They include lectures, research notes, committee minutes, and correspondence. (Not yet processed)
MSS 43 - The Karl Young Papers; 7.5'
The Collection consists chiefly of notes and photocopies of sources collected for Young's (1879-1943) lifelong study of medieval drama. A Professor of English at Yale from 1923 until his death, he is the author of the well-known two-volume study The Drama of the Medieval Church (Oxford University Press, 1933). (Not yet processed)
MSS 44 - The Hilde Somer Papers; ca.9'
The pianist Hilde Somer (1922-1979) came to the United States from Austria as a child prodigy and studied with Rudolf Serkin, Moritz Rosenthal, Wanda Landowska, and Claudio Arrau. She had an active career as recitalist and as a soloist with orchestras in Europe and America and gave première performances of piano concertos of John Corigliano, Alberto Ginastera (his Second Piano Concerto is dedicated to her), and Henry Brant. She often performed Scriabin's music with the accompaniment of colored laser lights projected onto a screen, as prescribed by Scriabin. The Papers include photocopies of composers' manuscripts with extensive performance instructions, correspondence, video tapes, scrapbooks, and clippings. (Not yet processed)
MSS 45 - The Dragan Plamenac Papers; ca.6'
The entire library of the Yugoslavian musicologist Dragan Plamenac (1895-1983) was acquired by the Music Library. It consisted of about 5,000 volumes: 3,500 monographs, 700 volumes of practical music, 600 reels of microfilm and 500 rare books. These have been incorporated into the Music Library's collections. Plamenac's own papers consist of correspondence, research notes, and classroom lectures and notes. (Not yet processed)
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MSS 46 - The Thomas de Hartmann Papers; 15'
Thomas de Hartmann (1886-1956) studied with Anton Arensky and Serge Taneieff in Russia before going to Munich to study conducting with Felix Mottl. In Munich he collaborated with Vasily Kandinsky in the composition of Der gelbe Klang. He left Russia permanently during the revolution and after many years in Paris immigrated to the United States in 1950. He was an ardent follower and collaborator of the philosopher Georges Ivanovitch Gurdjieff. His Papers include essentially all of his extant manuscript and printed music, as well as correspondence, programs, sketches, and literary writings.
MSS 47 - The Paul Hindemith Collection; 27'
Paul Hindemith (1895-1963) was Professor of Music at Yale from 1940 to 1953. Fourteen of Hindemith's autograph manuscripts are included in the Papers as gifts from his widow, Gertrude, and from friends and students. Other materials were collected by Luther Noss from former students and colleagues and consist of programs, reviews, student papers and compositions, correspondence, photographs, classroom papers, and published compositions and writings. See also the Kurt Stone Papers (MSS 71), the Thomas Hall Collection, and the website of the Paul Hindemith Foundation.
MSS 48 - The Red Norvo Papers; 18'
The Papers of the percussionist Red Norvo (b. 1908) consist chiefly of arrangements for his big band in the 1930s. Most of the three-hundred arrangements are by Eddie Sauter (see MSS 64), who was Norvo's staff arranger at the time and played trumpet in the band. Some programs, reviews, letters, and photographs make up the remainder of the Papers. Norvo's wife, Mildred Bailey (1907-1951), is represented among the material. (Partially processed)
MSS 49 - The Harold Rome Papers; 46'
Harold Rome (1908-1993) is the composer and lyricist of the well-known musicals Pins and Needles, Call Me Mister,Fanny, Destry Rides Again, and I Can Get It for You Wholesale. These and other works, printed and in manuscript, are included in his Papers, along with numerous lyrics, correspondence, clippings, photographs, and seventy-five oil paintings and water colors.
MSS 50 - The Paul Bekker Papers; 27'
The Papers of the critic and writer on music Paul Bekker (21882-1937) include about 5,000 letters from seemingly everyone connected with the arts in Germany between the two world wars: composers, conductors, cultural organizations, concert and theatrical agents, publishers, and editors of newspapers and journals. Also included are copies of all of Bekker's books and articles, photographs, and correspondence with his family, as well as his collection of historic letters by notable musicians of the past, including Brahms, Mahler, Berlioz, Reger, Joachim, von Bülow, and Hanslick.
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MSS 51 - The Franz Schreker Collection; ca.12'
The main holdings of Schreker's papers are in European libraries. Yale's Papers were a gift of Schreker's daughter, Mrs. Haidy Schreker-Bures of Argentina. They include Schreker's personal copies of the scores of his last four operas, some manuscript music, his literary writings, personal documents, photographs, and clippings. Universal-Edition in Vienna has sent copies of the autograph manuscripts of four of Schreker's operas, and the Music Library has purchased numerous letters as they have come on the market. (Not yet processed.)
MSS 52 - The Frederick and Rose Plaut Papers; 28'
This collection consists of 35,688 photographs of recording artists, actors, writers, and statesmen taken by Fred Plaut (1907-1985) while he was a Recording Engineer for Columbia Records from the mid-1940s through the 1970s. Most of the negatives have contact sheets, and there are 3,591 enlargements. Each shot is listed with a unique number in the finding aid. An additional 23,256 negatives (most with contact sheets), 2218 enlargements, and several hundred slides taken during travels, are not catalogued. There is also correspondence to Fred and Rose Plaut (d. Feb. 1, 1992), a singer, from Francis Poulenc, Virgil Thomson, Ned Rorem, Aaron Copland, et al., and publications that have reproductions of Plaut photographs. Recording artists (musical and spoken) frequently requested Fred Plaut to do their recording. He would bring his camera to a recording session and request permission to shoot a role of film. All in all 657 persons have been identified, many in significant numbers (e.g., Leonard Bernstein 1,170 photographs, Robert Casadesus 437, Glenn Gould 393, Eugene Ormandy 387, Rudolf Serkin 1,283, and Igor Stravinsky 1,343).
MSS 53 - The Benny Goodman Papers; ca.120'
Benny Goodman (1909-1986) bequeathed to the Music Library all of his master tapes, his library of about 1500 arrangements, about 5,000 photographs, 40 scrapbooks and numerous other clippings, programs, awards, and memorabilia. The bequest includes the rights to unreleased recordings in the master tapes and to the arrangements. Selections from the tapes are being released on the Musicmasters label (ten volumes as of 2006). A finding aid of the arrangements has been made, and copies of the arrangements can be purchased.(Partially processed) See also the Benny Goodman Collection at the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts for 500 arrangements.
MSS 54 - The E. Robert Schmitz Papers; 12'
The French-born Elie Robert Schmitz (1889-1949) immigrated to the United States in 1918 after studies in Paris, service in the French army and a successful career as pianist and conductor. In the United States he and his wife, Germaine, founded the Franco-American Society in 1920, which was renamed Pro-Musica, Incorporated, in 1923. The aim was to promote new music, which it did through Pro-Musica's forty international chapters, offering concerts, lecture-recitals, and publications. Schmitz brought Ravel, Bartók, and Respighi to the United States for tours of the chapters and sponsored a variety of composers for American concerts and lectures, e.g., Hindemith, Schoenberg, Honegger, Milhaud, Roussel, Tansman, and Prokofiev. Pro-Musica sent the American composers Marion Bauer, Charles Tomlinson Griffes, and Louis Greenberg to its Paris chapter and the tenor Roland Hayes to Moscow and St. Petersburg. The Papers include correspondence and manuscript music by many of these persons, as well as business files of Pro-Musica and documentation of Schmitz's remarkable career as pianist and teacher.
MSS 55 - The Papers of Vladimir and Wanda Toscanini Horowitz; 69'
Mr. and Mrs. Horowitz began their gifts to the Music Library in August 1986, and Mrs. Horowitz continued the presentations until her death in 1998. The finding aid lists all of the material dealing with the career of Vladimir Horowitz (1903-1989) and Mrs. Horowitz's holdings of materials dealing with the career of her father, Arturo Toscanini. The latter includes many photographs, scrapbooks, correspondence, and memorabilia. The former includes correspondence, programs and program notes, photographs, clippings, contracts, schedules, financial documents, awards, and items from the library of Vladimir Horowitz, including autograph manuscripts of Robert Schumann and Felix Mendelssohn, and autograph letters of Liszt, Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Tchaikovsky.
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MSS 56 - The John Kirkpatrick Papers; 40'
Noted for his performances of American music, especially that of Charles Ives (see MSS 14) and Carl Ruggles (see MSS 26), pianist John Kirkpatrick (1905-1991) edited the music of and corresponded with many of the nation's composers, such as Henry Cowell, Roy Harris, Ross Lee Finney, Aaron Copland, and Elliott Carter, who are well represented in the vast correspondence. As a close friend of Ives and Ruggles and an authority on their music, Kirkpatrick collected information about them. The papers also document Kirkpatrick's outstanding career as a performer.
MSS 57 - The John Hammond Papers; ca. 12'
The legendary record producer and talent scout John Hammond (1910-1987) bequeathed papers to Yale as selected by his executors. What Yale received was a large amount of office correspondence and memoranda, dealing largely with the times, places, and contents of recording sessions at Columbia Records and the arrangements for and financing of the sessions. While the memos might document scouting visits, they normally do not include Hammond's evaluations. His Papers, combined with those of Fred Plaut (MSS 52), Leonard Burkat (MSS 25), and Goddard Lieberson (MSS 69), offer extensive information about the important activities of Columbia Records. (Partially processed)
MSS 58 - The James G. Barnett Papers; 5'
James G. Barnett (d. 1885) was active as a composer, conductor, and organist in Connecticut during the latter half of the nineteenth century. His Papers consist of his manuscript music (chiefly sacred vocal), a few programs, two of his essays and published compositions of John F. Barnett (two works) and John Barnett (one work), whose relationship with James G. is not known.
MSS 59 - The Slam Stewart Papers; 9'
Leroy Elliott "Slam" Stewart (1914-1987) was one of America's pre-eminent performers on double bass, appearing with Art Tatum, Billy Taylor, Erroll Garner, Benny Goodman, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, et al. The Papers include his well-known composition "Flat Foot Floogie," a few arrangements, programs, photographs, clippings, correspondence, awards, contracts, and financial materials. (Partially processed)
MSS 60 - The Ted Lewis Collection; ca.6'
The career of Ted Lewis (1891-1971) spanned six decades with performances in vaudeville, musical comedy, and films and on records, radio, and television. The bulk of text and pictorial material is in seven large scrapbooks. There are seventeen manuscript arrangements, numerous commercial recordings, and 27 half-hour radio programs that were never aired. (Partially processed)
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MSS 61 - The Leroy Anderson Papers; 16'
Leroy Anderson was born on June 29, 1908 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His family was musical, and as a boy he studied double bass, organ, and trombone. He continued his musical education at Harvard, where his teachers included Walter Piston and Georges Enesco; he graduated from college in 1929, and earned the M.A. in 1930. In the early 1930s he did additional graduate work in Scandinavian languages at Harvard; he also directed the Harvard Band and held numerous other musical jobs.
In 1936 Anderson arranged a medley of Harvard songs for Harvard Night at the Boston Pops. In the ensuing decades, he would become famous largely for the many pieces he composed or arranged for Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops, including Jazz Pizzicato (1938), The Syncopated Clock (1945), Sleigh Ride (1948), The Typewriter (1950), and Blue Tango (1951). By the early 1950s, Anderson's music had become extraordinarily popular; his recordings sold in the millions, and American orchestras performed his works more frequently than those of any other American composer.
Anderson later turned several of his most popular orchestral works into songs, with lyrics by Mitchell Parish; of these, Sleigh Ride has had the most lasting success. Anderson also composed a piano concerto (1953), as well as Goldilocks (1958), a Broadway musical with words by Walter and Jean Kerr and Joan Ford.
In 1942 Anderson married Eleanor Jane Firke; they had a daughter and three sons. In 1949 the family settled in Woodbury, Connecticut. Leroy Anderson died in Woodbury on May 18, 1975.
The Leroy Anderson Papers document Anderson's life and career as a composer chiefly through his music, both published and in manuscript. The Papers also contain scrapbooks and other items. See also the Leroy Anderson official website.
MSS 62 - The Papers of Stanley Dance and Helen Oakley Dance; ca. 30'
The prominent jazz critic and author Stanley Dance (1910-1999) wrote for the leading jazz journals of England, France, and the United States. His monthly column "Lightly and Politely" appeared in Jazz Journal from 1948 to 1976. He worked especially closely with Duke Ellington and Earl Hines and wrote books about both of them, as well as about Count Basie. The Collection consists of his correspondence and writings, about 6,000 photographs of black jazz musicians, about 7,000 LP jazz recordings, his collection of jazz journals, and tapes of his interviews with over a hundred black jazz performers. Many of the papers of Helen Oakley Dance (1913-2001) are included in the above account. In addition there is the material collected for her book on T-bone Walker, her extensive writings in Downbeat and other jazz journals, and photographs and correspondence with prominent figures in the jazz and blues worlds during her long career. (Partially processed)
MSS 63 - The Marian McPartland Papers.
The Marian McPartland Papers are being transferred from Yale to the Sibley Music Library at the Eastman School of Music, which also has a collection of McPartland's Papers.
MSS 64 - The Eddie Sauter Papers; ca.15'
Eddie Sauter (1914-1981) arranged for "Red" Norvo, Benny Goodman, and the Sauter-Finegan bands, among others, and did the arranging of the Broadway musicals 1776 and Superman. His original compositions included the movie score Mickey One, Focus Suite, and the Tanglewood Concerto. To date Yale has received from his estate the movie and Broadway scores, his original compositions, and fifteen dance-band arrangements, all autograph manuscripts. This material, combined with Sauter arrangements in the Library of "Red" Norvo (MSS 48) and the Benny Goodman Papers (MSS 53), comprise an unusually large collection of a jazz arranger's output. (Partially processed)
MSS 65 - The Kay Swift Papers; 15'
Kay Swift (1897-1993) is perhaps best remembered for her musical Fine and Dandy, which ran on Broadway in 1930 for 236 performances, and for her close relationship with George Gershwin. The Papers consist of everything in her possession at the time of her death: manuscripts of her music, private tapes and commercial recordings, correspondence, financial records, programs, reviews, and photographs.
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MSS 66 - The Deems Taylor Papers; ca.15'
Deems Taylor (1885-1966), the composer, critic, and writer on music, and President of ASCAP, was among America's most prominent musicians from the 1920s until his death. As intermission commentator for the popular Sunday radio broadcasts of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra from 1936 to 1943, his name became a household word. Research notes relating to the broadcasts, as well as his reviews for the New York World (1921-25) and the New York American(1931-32), are included in the Papers. They also contain the autograph manuscripts of most of his works (not his two operas The King's Henchman and Peter Ibbetson), extensive correspondence, a large number of photographs, and some recordings. With this acquisition Yale also received the papers of Taylor's second wife, the poet and playwright Mary Kennedy. They are in Yale's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. (Partially processed)
MSS 67 - The Newell Jenkins-Clarion Society Papers; ca.35'
The Society was founded in New York in 1957 by Newell Jenkins (1915-1996). Most of the music performed by the Society was in editions prepared by Jenkins from primary sources. Among the composers whose little-known works have been performed are Steffani, Cavalli, Monteverdi, Banchieri, Brunetti, and Sammartini. The Papers include several hundred microfilms of primary sources, photocopies prepared from the films, over 300 editions (scores and parts) prepared by Jenkins, and the correspondence and business files and programs of the Society. (Partially processed)
MSS 68 - The Isidor Achron Papers; 1.5'
The composer and pianist Isidor Achron (1892-1948) studied composition in St. Petersburg with Liadov before immigrating to the United States. From 1922 to 1933 he was accompanist to Jascha Heifetz. Achron performed his Piano Concerto with the New York Philharmonic in 1937. The Papers include many of Achron's compositions, his correspondence, programs, photographs (including many with Heifetz), and recordings, various papers of his wife, the singer Lea Karina, and two compositions of his brother, Joseph Achron (1886-1943). Among the music of other composers are holograph manuscripts of Castelnuovo-Tedesco and Nicolas Slonimsky.
MSS 69 - The Goddard Lieberson Papers; ca.35'
As President of Columbia Records, the composer Goddard Lieberson (1911-1977) was among the nation's most influential musical personalities from the 1940s to his death. His Papers, the gift of his widow, Vera Zorina, include essentially every Columbia LP recording issued during his tenure, twenty-five file drawers and nineteen additional boxes of correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, and the holograph manuscripts of his compositions. Lieberson engaged authors, poets, and public figures to do spoken recordings; their correspondence combined with that of musicians comprise one of the most remarkable correspondence files in the Yale Music Archives. Among the major correspondences are those with Samuel Beckett, Sir Thomas Beecham, Irving Berlin, Fanny Brice, Noel Coward, Henry Cowell, Nelson Eddy, Edna Ferber, Jose Ferrer, Ira Gershwin, John Gielgud, Sir Alec Guiness, Paul Hindemith, Jerome Kern, Andre Kostelanetz, Lotte Lehman, Lotte Lenya, Groucho Marx, W. Somerset Maugham, Darius Milhaud, Eugene Ormandy, Egon Petri, Gregor Piatigorsky, Cole Porter, Basil Rathbone, Fritz Reiner, Richard Rogers, Artur Rodzinski, William Saroyan, Arnold Schoenberg, Dame Edith Sitwell, Osbert Sitwell, Rudolph Serkin, Rise Stevens, Leopold Stokowsky, Igor Stravinsky, George Szell, Joseph Szigeti, Virgil Thomson, Heitor Villa-Lobos, and Bruno Walter. Most of these persons are also represented in the photographic archives of Fred Plaut (MSS 52). (Partially processed)
MSS 70 - The Mel Powell Papers; 14'
Mel Powell (1923-1998) had remarkable careers in both jazz and classical music, the latter highlighted by a Pulitzer Prize in 1990 for Duplicates, his concerto for two pianos and orchestra. His papers consist chiefly of music manuscripts, correspondence, and photographs. As a young man, Powell served a short but legendary stint as a pianist for Benny Goodman's band, and 42 of his arrangements are in the Benny Goodman Papers (MSS 53).
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MSS 71 - The Kurt Stone Papers; ca.6'
The music editor Kurt Stone (1911-1989) worked closely with Elliott Carter and Paul Hindemith while employed at Associated Music Publishers. The bulk of the Papers are the letters of Elliott and Helen Carter to and from Stone, covering the years 1955-1980, and of Hindemith to and from Stone, covering the years 1953-1962. Some letters include musical notation of Carter and Hindemith. Stone's papers formerly included the autograph manuscript score of Heitor Villa-Lobos's String Quartet No. 7; this has now been removed from the collection and cataloged separately as Misc. Ms. 616.
MSS 72 - The Clarence Watters Papers; ca.6'
The Papers contain the organist Watters's (1902-1986) compositions, tapes of his recitals, programs, photographs, and correspondence. The last named includes 89 letters from Marcel and Jeanette Dupré, dating from 1926 to 1978. Watters was a pupil of Dupré's and a frequent performer of his works. (Not yet processed)
MSS 73 - The Karl Weigl Papers; 15'
The Austrian composer Karl Weigl (1881-1949) immigrated to the United States in 1938. His Papers contain copies of his manuscripts, reviews, programs, scrapbooks, photographs, and an extensive correspondence, including letters of Pablo Casals, Aaron Copland, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Myra Hess, Heinrich Schenker, Arnold Schoenberg, Bruno Walter, Felix Weingartner, and Alexander von Zemlinsky.
MSS 74 - The New York Brass Quintet Papers; ca.15'
The New York Brass Quintet was the prime mover in gaining acceptance of this medium for concert performances. Various composers wrote music expressly for the Quintet. The collection includes a library of 440 works for various combinations of brass instruments. Also present are programs, reviews, and numerous tapes of performances. (Partially processed)
Charles Frink (Yale Class of 1951, Ph.D. 1956) is a Connecticut-based composer and educator. The collection consists chiefly of manuscript scores of works by Frink. Some of his vocal compositions are settings of texts by his wife, Resurrección Espinosa. (Unprocessed.)
MSS 77 - The David and Fanny Opochinsky Collection of Music Manuscripts; 3.5'
This collection contains about 300 musical manuscripts, letters, and other documents written by prominent musicians. Born in the Polish city of Lódz in 1900, David Opochinsky was trained as a violinist at the Moscow Conservatory, but later became successful in the business world; his company, Titra-Film, provides subtitles and dubbing for the movie industry. Opochinsky came to the United States in 1942 and began collecting rare music documents in 1950. He died in 1974, and in 1986 his heirs generously donated his collection to Yale University. It includes compositions, letters, and autographs by C.P.E. Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Paganini, Weber, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Dvorák, Grieg, Paderewski, Scriabin, Rachmaninoff, Kreisler, Casals, Bartók, Stokowski, Stravinsky, Berg, Prokofiev, Copland, Rodgers, Serkin, and other eminent composers and performers. Opochinsky and his wife Fanny had each item framed along with a picture of the musician; their New York apartment was described as a musical museum. After the collection came to Yale, the contents were removed from the frames and transferred to archival folders and boxes, to insure their preservation for future researchers. (Partially processed)
Artur Holde (1885-1962) and Heida Hermanns (1906-1995) were German musicians who married in 1931 and moved to the United States in 1936, eventually settling in Connecticut. He was a synagogue conductor, music critic, and the author of the book Jews in Music. She was a pianist who had studied with Egon Petri, Artur Schnabel, and Isabella Vengerova, and had notable performing careers on both sides of the Atlantic. She was also a philanthropist. A concert hall in Westport, Connecticut is named for her husband, and a competition (also based in Westport) is named for her. (Unprocessed)
MSS 79 - The David Kraehenbuehl Papers; 11'
David Kraehenbuehl (1923-1997) studied at the University of Illinois, the Yale School of Music (under Paul Hindemith), and the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel, Switzerland. In addition to his work as a composer, from 1950 to 1960 Kraehenbuehl held faculty positions at Colorado College and at Yale. He was a founder and the first editor of the Journal of Music Theory. Kraehenbuehl left academia in 1960 and devoted the rest of his life to raising the standards of piano pedagogy in the United States. He was also instrumental in composing and editing sacred music for Roman Catholic services following the dictates of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). The David Kraehenbuehl Papers were the gift of Marie Kraehenbuehl in 1999.
MSS 80 - The Earl Banquer Collection; 1.5'
The Earl Banquer Collection consists of musical arrangements of numerous classical, folk, and popular works, arranged for flute, three clarinets, and bass clarinet. The majority of arrangements in the collection were made by Banquer himself, to provide repertroire for his Earl Banquer Ensemble in New Haven. In addition to Banquer's own arrangements, the collection holds musical works which Banquer commissioned from composers Thomas Duffy, Michael Horvit, Collier Jones, and Yehudi Wyner.
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The Thomas Hall Collection consists of correspondence and documents created and collected by Arthur Mendel during his tenures as editor for Associated Music Publishers and as faculty member in the Music Department of Princeton University. Over half of the collection relates to Paul Hindemith, and includes scores of Hindemith's music, documents written or corrected by Hindemith, and correspondence between Mendel and Hindemith regarding the publication of Hindemith's musical and theoretical works.
MSS 82 - The Cole Porter Collection; 54'
Cole Porter (1891-1964) bequeathed his papers to his alma mater: several hundred manuscripts and copies of published and unpublished songs, both in his handwriting and in that of his long-time copyist, scrapbooks devoted to his Broadway shows; photographs of his shows, trips, friends, and homes; travel journals, musical notebooks, librettos of shows, and his extensive collection of recordings (included in the Historical Sound Recordings Collection) and they have been supplemented by materials discovered by Robert E. Kimball in Porter's publisher's warehouse,. Earlier the composer had donated a large collection of his published music. The Cole Porter Musical and Literary Property Trusts have contributed photocopies of manuscripts held elsewhere, and Porter's friends and classmates have provided lyrics and recordings of unpublished songs from his days at Yale. Several groups of papers and letters have been received, as well as a group of college course notebooks found in the home of one of his classmates.
Researchers interested in Porter may also wish to consult the Cole Porter Collection at the Library of Congress.
MSS 83 - The E. Y. Harburg Collection; 30'
E. Y. Harburg (1898-1981) donated his manuscripts: light verse, notes, scripts, songs for political benefits, and lyrics for musicals and films, as well as various speeches, articles, and testimonials, which form the larger portion of the collection. A smaller section called "Harburgiana" includes correspondence, publicity, reviews, programs, scrapbooks, and memorabilia.
MSS 84 - The Eric Simon Papers; 1'
The papers of the Austrian-American clarinetist and composer Eric Simon (1907-1984) consist of scores and parts of manuscript and photocopied music, the majority of which are Simon's own musical compositions and arrangements. A short pedagogical work co-written by Simon is also included.
Samuel Yaffe (1907-1980) was a New Haven-based pianist, composer, and teacher. He studied at the Yale School of Music and the Juilliard School. The collection includes manuscripts and photocopied music composed by Yaffe and others, correspondence, programs, clippings, reviews, photographs, and other biographical material. (Partially processed)
MSS 86 - The Robert Shaw Papers; ca. 200'
Robert Shaw was the most influential American choral conductor of the 20th century. Born in Red Bluff, California in 1916, Shaw was educated at Pomona College and in private studies with Julius Herford. Over the course of his long career, he directed the Fred Waring Glee Club, the Collegiate Chorale, the Robert Shaw Chorale, the San Diego Symphony Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra (as associate conductor under George Szell), and from 1967 to 1988, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. Shaw died in New Haven in 1999. The Shaw Papers include the conductor's personal library of over annotated 1,600 musical scores and parts, as well as correspondence, files on musical topics, general files, writings, speeches, programs, clippings, photographs, sound recordings, videos, annotated books, and other materials.
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MSS 87 - The South Before the War Company Papers; 3'
The South Before the War Company was a minstrel show owned and managed by Herman Wallum (alias Harry Martell) that toured the United States in the late 1890s (and possibly before and after that time as well). The papers include scripts, orchestral parts, published and unpublished sheet music, publicity and other ephemera.
Richard F. French (1915-2001) was a musicologist who taught at the Yale School of Music and the Juilliard School. He was also active in music publishing. This small collection consists mainly of his class notes for courses taught at the Yale School of Music between 1993 and 2000. (Not yet processed)
Gustave Langenus (1883-1957) was an influential Belgian-American clarinetist and pedagogue. (Partially processed)
Sam Pottle (1934-1978) graduated from Yale College in 1953, and received the M.M. from the Yale School of Music in 1959. He was active as a composer and conductor, chiefly in television and musical theatre. He is best known for his work as a composer and music director for the children's television show Sesame Street.
MSS 91 - The Daniel Asia Papers; ca. 20'
The American composer Daniel Asia was born in Seattle in 1953. He studied at Hampshire College and received his Master of Music degree from the Yale School of Music, where his teachers included Jacob Druckman and Krzysztof Penderecki. Since 1988 Asia has been Professor of Composition and head of the composition program at the University of Arizona. He has received numerous awards and fellowships, and his music has been performed orchestras and chamber ensembles throughout the United States and abroad. From 1991 to 1994 Asia was the Meet the Composer / Composer in Residence with the Phoenix Symphony. The Daniel Asia Papers were purchased by the Music Library in 2005. (Partially catalogued)
MSS 92 - The Enrico Batelli Papers; 0.75'
Enrico Batelli was one of New Haven’s leading musicians in the first half of the twentieth century. Born in Caserta, Italy in 1875 or 1876, he was trained at the Naples Conservatory. In 1902 Batelli came to the United States, and eventually decided to settle in New Haven, where he was active as a composer, conductor, organist, pianist, and teacher. He had a teaching studio at 890 Chapel Street in New Haven, and he worked at several local churches, culminating in a 38-year career as organist at St. John the Evangelist Roman Catholic Church at 79 Davenport Street. He died in New Haven on July 31, 1944. His papers consist primarily of manuscript scores and parts for Batelli’s original musical compositions and arrangements of music by other composers. The papers also contain manuscript and printed music by other composers, including several by Batelli’s teacher, Paolo Serrao, plus a small number of biographical materials.
MSS 93 - The Howard and Helen Boatwright Papers; ca. 20'
Howard Boatwright (1918-1999) was a composer, violinist, student of Paul Hindemith, professor at Yale, and for many years Dean of the School of Music at Syracuse University. Helen Boatwright (1916-2010) was a soprano who won acclaim for her interpretations of the song repertoire of the twentieth-century. Among her notable performances are definitive recordings of the songs of Charles Ives with John Kirkpatrick at the piano. The Boatwright Papers document both Howard's and Helen's careers through manuscript and printed music, writings, programs, clippings, pedagogical and biographical materials, and documents relating to the Hindemith Music Centre in Blonay, Switzerland, which the Boatwrights founded and directed in its early years. The Boatwright Papers were the gift of Helen Boatwright in 2002. (Partially catalogued)
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Claude Kenneson (1935-2013) was a cellist, composer, and professor at the University of Alberta. His papers consist of computer-generated scores and parts for the composer's original works, as well as his many arrangements for violoncello ensembles of compositions by other composers. (Partially processed)
MSS 95 - The Hans L. Bilger Papers; 0.5'
Hans L. Bilger (1896-1968) received the B.M. degree from the Yale School of Music in 1920. The Papers consist chiefly of his compositions, both published and in manuscript.
MSS 96 - The Vivian Perlis Collection of Schmitz, Ornstein, Copland, and Kirkpatrick; 0.5'
This collection contains correspondence, an unpublished book, clippings, and other materials pertaining to E. Robert Schmitz (1889-1949) and the Pro Musica Society, Leo Ornstein (1893?-2002), Aaron Copland (1900-1990), and John Kirkpatrick (1905-1991). It was acquired from Vivian Perlis, who is a prominent historian of American music and the founding director of the Oral History, American Music project at Yale University.
Fenno Heath (1926-2008) spent his entire career at Yale. A member of the Class of 1950, he sang in the Glee Club, the Spizzwinks (?) and the Whiffenpoofs. He received the B.Mus. in 1951 and the M.Mus. in 1952 from the School of Music in 1952. In 1953 he succeeded Marshall Bartholomew as director of the Yale Glee Club, a position he held until his retirement in 1992. His papers include his compositions and arrangements, as well as correspondence, photographs, programs, and articles. (Not yet processed)
Claude V. Palisca (1921-2001) was one of the leading musicologists of the 20th century. He taught at Yale from 1959 to 1990. He is best known for his research on the history of music theory and aesthetics, especially in the Renaissance and Baroque periods, and for his widely-used textbooks Baroque Music and A History of Western Music. (The latter work was originally by Donald J. Grout; Palisca was responsible for the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th editions.) His papers include writings, correspondence, and other materials. (Partially processed)
MSS 106 - The Betsy Jolas Papers; ca. 20'
Betsy Jolas (b. 1926) ranks among the leading composers of our time. She is the daughter of Eugene and Maria Jolas, prominent literary figures closely associated with James Joyce. (Their papers are held at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.) Betsy Jolas was born in Paris, and educated in both France and the United States. In addition to her creative work, she has also been a notable teacher, chiefly at the Paris Conservatoire. Her papers include music, correspondence, writings, teaching materials, programs, clippings, journals, calendars, photographs, sound recordings, and other materials by and about Jolas.
The collection consists chiefly of correspondence between the French composer Paul Dukas (1865-1935) and his friend Marguerite Hasselmans (1876-1947). It also includes three letters from Dukas to Gabriel Fauré, as well as 15 letters and postcards to Hasselmans or her relatives from Paul Poujaud, Jules Massenet, Benjamin Godard, Pauline Viardot, Pierre Lalo and Camille Saint-Saëns.
MSS 108 - The Sylvia Fine and Danny Kaye Musical Comedy Library; 19'
The collection includes published or typescript scores, sheet music, lyrics, librettos and other materials from the collection of Sylvia Fine and Danny Kaye.
Researchers interested in Fine and Kaye may also wish to consult the Danny Kaye and Sylvia Fine Collection at Music Division of the Library of Congress. That collection contains the bulk of their personal papers.
Donald Currier (1918-2010) was a professor of piano at the Yale School of Music. His papers contain correspondence, photographs, programs, clippings, posters, lecture notes, and miscellaneous items. (Not yet processed)
Anna Schoen-René (1864-1942) was a remarkably successful voice teacher. A student of Pauline Viardot, she taught at the Juilliard School for many years. The list of her pupils includes Risë Stevens, Paul Robeson, Mack Harrell, and Kitty Carlisle. The collection includes typescripts, notebooks, correspondence, programs, music, photographs, clippings, and other materials. It is is a gift of Marshall Bartholomew, and was extracted from MSS 24, the Marshall Bartholomew Papers. (Not yet processed)
Richard DeLong (1951-1994) was a composer, choral conducter, organist, and harpsichordist. His papers consist mainly of his compositions; they also include a variety of other documents, as well as sound recordings. (Not yet processed)
Wladimir Boritch was a Ukrainian impresario who settled in the United States in the 1920s. The collection consists chiefly of music for Kurt Weill's pantomime for children, Zaubernacht, which was rediscovered at Yale in 2005, after being thought lost for decades. Zaubernacht had previously been known only through a piano reduction (which had even become the basis for an orchestral reconstruction by Meirion Brown). The presence of orchestral parts in this collection made it possible for scholars to produce a full score.
In addition to Weill's music, this collection includes additional music for Zaubernacht composed by Konstantin Galkauskas, as well as other materials. (Partially processed)
John Erskine (1879-1951) was a writer and educator. He served as president of the Juilliard School and professor of English at Columbia University. The collection includes opera librettos by John Erskine, and other materials relating to him. (Not yet processed)
Noel Nikolai Sokoloff (1923-1998) was the son of Nikolai Sokoloff, the first conductor of the Cleveland Orchestra. Noel Sokoloff was active as a composer, clergyman, and educator. (Not yet processed)
Dorothy Stevenson Kish (1904-2004) was a graduate of the Yale School of Music (Class of 1924). She was active as a piano teacher, church musician, and music philanthropist. Her husband, George J. Kish, was a Connecticut realtor. The collection includes sheet music, programs, periodicals, sound recordings, and other materials. Much of the collection pertains to the Metropolitan Opera. (Not yet processed)
MSS 117 - The Miles Kastendieck Papers; 5'
Miles Merwin Kastendieck (1905-2001) was a music critic and educator. A graduate of Yale (B.A. '27, Mus.B. '28, Ph.D. '32), he wrote for the Brooklyn Eagle, New York Journal American, New York World Journal Tribune, and Christian Science Monitor. He taught English at Poly Prep Country Day School in Brooklyn, and wrote a book about the school's history, as well as a book about Thomas Campion. The collection includes scrapbooks of Kastendieck's newspaper articles, various other items by and about Kastendieck, and records of the Music Critics' Circle of New York City.
This collection consists of more than 100 volumes of Slavic choral music, most of it published before 1916. The majority of it is sacred, but some secular music is also included. It was acquired from the Russian-American collector Alexander Tkaczenko. (Unprocessed.)
Letters from the guitarist Andrés Segovia (1893-1987) to the guitarist and teacher Sophocles Papas (1894-1986) and carbon copies of letters from Papas to Segovia. (Not yet processed)
The collection consists chiefly of autographed photographs of notable musicians and other prominent persons who took part in the Wartburg College Artist Series. It also includes additional photographs, autographed programs, an autographed business card, and a publication about the Wartburg College Artist Series. Robert Shaw, Rise Stevens, Eleanor Steber, Arthur Fiedler, Artur Rubinstein, Jascha Heifetz, Rudolf Serkin, Percy Grainger, Norman Vincent Peale, Carl Sandberg, and Charles Laughton are among those included. Much of the material was collected by Alf Swensen, a chemistry professor who chaired the Wartburg College Artist Series from 1921 to 1968. His son and daughter-in-law, Richard D. and Grace H. Swensen, continued the collection and donated it to Yale University. Their son, David F. Swensen, manages the Yale endowment and also serves on the faculty of Yale College and the Yale School of Management. (Not yet processed)
A seminar on music education was held at Yale University June 17 through June 28, 1963. It was co-sponsored by Yale and the Cooperative Research Program of the U.S. Office of Education. Claude V. Palisca served as chairman and wrote the final report. Participants included prominent scholars from a variety of American universities. (Not yet processed)
The collection consists of manuscript variations on "Boola Boola," the Yale fight song, created for the student-faculty party of April 30, 1965. Each variation is by a different composer. They are composed in a variety of historical styles, from the medieval to the avant-garde, and are humorous in intent. The composers are David L. Burrows, Ward Davenny, Richard [Donovan?], Fenno Heath, Charles R. Krigbaum, Claude V. Palisca, Leeman L. Perkins, Leon B. Plantinga, Brooks Shepard, Jr., and William G. Waite. They were members of the faculty of the Yale University Department of Music or the Yale School of Music. Shepard was the Music Librarian. (Not yet processed)
Ruth Bracher earned the B.A. from Western College for Women in 1918, the B.M. from the Yale School of Music (where she studied piano with Bruce Simonds) in 1921, and the M.M from the College of Music of Cincinnati in 1932. She also studied with Nadia Boulanger. She taught music at Western College for Women (in Oxford, Ohio) from 1921 until her retirement in 1959. The collection contains correspondence (including some with Nadia Boulanger), photographs, and clippings. (Not yet processed)
Philip M. Neufeld (1905-1990) was a Wall Street executive. Though he was not a Yale alumnus, he served on the board of the Yale Library Associates for 31 years. The collection contains texts or music of many familiar hymns and sacred songs, as well as correspondence and clippings. Albert Hay Malotte and Fanny Crosby are among the musicians represented in the collection. (Not yet processed)
The Swedish soprano Christine Nilsson (1843-1921) ranked among the foremost opera singers of the second half of the nineteenth century. She performer widely throughout Europe, and also in the United States. The collection includes sheet music, portraits, articles, and other materials pertaining to Nilsson. (Not yet processed)
Edward Bliss Reed (1872-1940) earned the B.A. (1894) and the Ph.D. (1896) at Yale University. A member of the Yale faculty from 1900 to 1940, he taught both English and music. His research focused on Christmas carols. This collection is a card index of Christmas carols.
Researchers may also be interested in the Edward Bliss Reed Papers at Manuscripts and Archives, as well as the Edward Bliss Reed Carol Collection at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. (Not yet processed)
MSS 128 - The Adelina Carola Appleton Papers; 4.5'
Adelina Carola Appleton (also known as Adeline Carola Appleton or Adelina Carole Appleton) was born in Waverly, Iowa in 1886. She studied music with her mother, at Wisconsin College in Milwaukee, and with Benjamin Blodgett and Carl Eppert. She is best known for her opera about the Salem witch trials, "The Witch's Well" (two of Appleton's own relatives were executed in Salem), for her "Commandos Symphony," which was performed by Arturo Toscanini and the NBC Symphony, and for her symphony "The Phantom." She died in New York in 1958. The collection consists mainly of musical manuscripts by Adelina Carola Appleton. It also includes music by others (including Appleton's mother, Carol Wardwell Lippmann) and miscellaneous other materials.
Sheet music (chiefly songs for voice and piano) from World War I, mainly from the perspective of the United States. Most of the music was published in 1917 or 1918. A few pieces pre-date American involvement in the War, or even the War itself, but are patriotic in nature, and were apparently popular during the War. (Partially processed)
MSS 130 - The Ravi Goel Collection of Reuven Kosakoff; 0.5'
Reuven Kosakoff (1898-1987) was a New Haven-based composer, pianist, and teacher. He was educated at Yale and at the Institute of Musical Art (later known as the Juilliard School), and studied in Berlin with Artur Schnabel. He composed many types of music, including Jewish liturgical works and music for children. The collection consists chiefly of compositions and arrangements by Reuven Kosakoff, in manuscript or in print. Most of the works in the collection are for one or two pianos, and many appear to have been written for young students. The collection includes two volumes of 2nd-piano parts that Kosakoff composed for works by other composers. The collection also includes one letter by Kosakoff to his sister Stella Nahum.
MSS 131 - The William McBrien Papers; 5'
William McBrien (1930-2009) was a professor of English at Hofstra University. He wrote biographies of Cole Porter and Stevie Smith. papers pertain chiefly to Cole Porter, and arise mainly from the research for his book Cole Porter: A Biography (New York: Knopf, 1998). They include research materials, sound recordings, and other items.
The American composer Ezra Laderman (1924-2015) was a professor and dean at the Yale School of Music. His papers include musical scores, correspondence, programs, clippings, sound recordings, films, and other materials. (Partially processed.)
The composer Benjamin Lees (1924-2010) was born in China to Russian parents, but he spent most of his life in the United States. His papers consist chiefly of musical scores. They also include programs, clippings, sound recordings, and a small amount of correspondence. (Partially processed.)
MSS 135 - The Allen Forte Papers; 5'
Allen Forte (1926-2014) was one of the most influential music theorists of the 20th century. An early proponent of Schenkerian analysis and a pioneer in the development of pitch class set theory, Forte was also a passionate admirer of American popular song from the 1920s, '30s, and '40s. From 1959 until his retirement, he taught at Yale University, where he trained numerous music theorists, many of whom became leaders in the field. His papers include analytical notes, correspondence, and a variety of other materials. Much of the collection is available online in the Allen Forte Electronic Archive at the University of North Texas. (Unprocessed)
Born Imre Weisshaus, Paul Arma (1905-1987) studied with Bartók at the Budapest Academy, but left his native Hungary for Germany in 1931, and later settled permanently in France. He was active as a composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. The collection consists of books, published music and programs. The collection consists of books, published music and programs.
Misc. Ms. 51 - Yale School of Music Graduate Degree Projects; 2.5'
This collection contains the final written projects of 63 students who were candidates for the Master of Music or Master of Musical Arts degree in the Yale School of Music from 1961 to 1971. These projects were not collected systematically, so some students who received such degrees during that period may not be represented. Degree projects are made available for research in the Music Library upon application to a Music Library staff member. In some instances, permission to access an individual project may also require permission from the author.
Misc. Ms. 52 - Selected Compositions of Peter Easley; 3'
Peter Easley, whose real name was Ronald Merl Easley, Jr., was born in 1927 in Salem, Massachusetts. He attended Yale College from 1944 to 1946, completing two semesters, and finished his schooling at the University of New Mexico. He died in 1974. The collection contains manuscript scores and parts for eleven of his compositions.
Misc. Ms. 53 - Selected Compositions of Elliot Griffis; 0.5'
Elliot Griffis was born on January 28, 1893 in Boston. He was educated at Ithaca College, the Yale School of Music (where he studied with Horatio Parker), and the New England Conservatory. He taught at numerous schools and performed widely as a pianist, before moving to Los Angeles to compose film music. He died there on June 8, 1967. This collection consists primarily of published piano music, songs, and the violin sonata by Griffis. It also includes a holograph score of the composer's Intrata for piano, as well as photocopies of holograph scores for 7 other compositions. The last folder of the collection contains a small amount of biographical material, including portraits, programs, and reviews.
Misc. Ms. 54 - Leonard Woolsey Bacon Papers; 1'
Leonard Woolsey Bacon, Jr. was born in Stamford, Connecticut on February 24, 1865. He should not be confused with his father, Leonard Woolsey Bacon (1830-1907), a clergyman, writer, and doctor. Like many members of his family, Leonard, Jr. attended Yale College (Class of 1888), where he helped found the orchestra. He earned the M.D. from the Yale School of Medicine in 1892, and also studied at numerous other American and European universities. Bacon had a long and distinguished career as a physician in New Haven, but he was also a composer and church organist, and it is his musical activities that are represented in this collection. In 1892 Bacon married Emma Waleska Schneeloch, a prominent singer who usually performed with her sister Emilie. (For more on the Schneeloch Sisters, see MSS 6, the Schneeloch Family Papers.) Emma died in 1925, and two years later Bacon married Esther Louise Oleson. He died in Hamden, Connecticut on January 8, 1939. This collection consists of holograph sketches, scores, and parts for 27 musical compositions by Leonard Woolsey Bacon, Jr., including songs, piano pieces, and chamber music. The Papers also hold a number of works by other composers in copyists' manuscripts. Two letters are also included.
Misc. Ms. 55 - Music Published by the Loomis Temple of Music; 0.5'
Clark Merrick Loomis (1829-1890) founded the Loomis Temple of Music in New Haven in 1865. Under Clark Loomis's leadership and that of his descendents, the Loomis Temple was a leading retailer of music and musical instruments, and a publisher as well, putting out sheet music and also a magazine, Loomis' Musical Journal (founded in 1867), which later expanded its scope to cover a surprising variety of subjects; for some years it was known as Loomis' Musical, Masonic, and Ladies' Fashion Journal. The Loomis Temple eventually withdrew from publishing, but continued to sell music and instruments. This collection consists of 51 pieces of sheet music published in New Haven by the Loomis Temple of Music between 1877 and 1919. Many of the works are of the popular "March and Two Step" variety. A number of Yale songs are also included.
Misc. Ms. 56 - Selected Compositions of Frank H. Smith; 0.5'
Frank Hugh Smith, Jr. was born in San Diego, California on July 24, 1923. He served in the Air Force from 1942 to 1946. Smith was a versatile musician; his primary instrument was flute, but he also played the piano, conducted, and composed. After his discharge from the military, he went to France, where he studied at the Fontainebleau School and the Paris Conservatoire; his teachers included Nadia Boulanger and Marcel Moyse. In 1950, he married Wencke Frimmin-Dahl; they went on to have two children. In 1953, Smith received a bachelor's degree from the Yale School of Music. After further study in Europe, he returned to New Haven, earning a master's from Yale in 1956. At the time of his death on September 5, 1958, he was working on a doctorate at Boston University, and was about to become assistant director of the Yale Band. This collection consists primarily of photocopies of the holograph scores for 19 musical compositions by Smith.
Misc. Ms. 57 - Choral Octavos by Yale Alumni; 1'
This collection consists of 178 choral works, nearly all of them composed by alumni of the Yale School of Music; the faculty of the School is also represented. The collection was assembled by Luther Noss and consists primarily of published octavos; some reproductions of manuscript scores are also included.
Misc. Ms. 59 - Papers of the Yale Music Curriculum Project; 1'
This collection consists of a music curriculum project developed by Claude V. Palisca and Kenneth Wendrich under the auspices of the Yale School of Music and with funding from the Cooperative Research Program of the Office of Education, United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Teacher and student manuals by 6 authors are present for 7 of the projected 9 units. The final report of the project, " An approach to musical understanding for secondary school students" (New Haven, 1970), is housed in the Music Library with the call number MT3 U58 Y1+.
Misc. Ms. 60 - The Gounod Society Papers; 0.5'
Founded in 1887 as a small choral society dedicated to singing glees and part-songs, the Gounod Society grew to include more than 300 singers and regularly performed large choral works with the New Haven Symphony. The founding of the New Haven Oratorio Society in 1903 effectively ended the rehearsals and performances of the Gounod Society. The papers of the New Haven Oratorio Society can be found in the Music Library as MSS 5. This collection documents the activities of the Gounod Society of New Haven from its inception in 1887 to its dissolution in 1903. It includes programs, clippings, attendance records, minutes, a constitution, correspondence, and other documents. Two of the letters were written in 1917 and 1919, long after the Society's dissolution.
Misc. Ms. 146 - Organ Music from the Estate of Frank Bozyan; 0.25'
Hagop Frank Bozyan was born in 1899. He studied organ at the Yale School of Music, where he received the B.M. degree in 1920. He joined the faculty that year, and continued to teach at Yale until 1965, the year of his death. The collection consists of 16 organ works, 1 song, and 1 piece for piano by Bozyan and his friends and colleagues.
Misc. Ms. 157 - Selected Compositions of Robbins Battell; 0.25'
Robbins Battell was born into a wealthy and prominent family in Norfolk, Connecticut on April 19, 1819. He graduated from Yale in 1839, and like several other members of his family, he became an important benefactor of music at Yale; their contributions were largely responsible for establishing the music department, and the former Battell estate in Norfolk is now the home of Yale's summer music festival. Although Robbins Battell was not a professional musician, he was respected as a composer of sacred music. He devoted most of his time to managing the family fortune; he was also a member of the state legislature and served as a judge of probate and as state comptroller. In 1849 he married Ellen R. Mills, who died two years later; they had one daughter. Robbins Battell died on January 26, 1895. This collection contains selected songs and choral arrangements by Robbins Battell, as well as Battell's music arranged for piano solo, band, and orchestra by Gustave Stoeckel and Theodore Hoch. The collection also holds a copy of Music and Poetry of Norfolk , privately printed for Carl and Ellen Battell Stoeckel in 1898.
Misc. Ms. 171 - Papers of the New Haven Chapter, ISCM; 0.5'
This collection documents the history of the New Haven Chapter of the International Society for Contemporary Music (ISCM). The Chapter was founded in 1961 and presented 17 concerts of new music before disbanding in 1965. While most of the concerts were presented by Yale students and faculty members, the Chapter did bring to New Haven such well-known composers as Edgard Varèse, Milton Babbitt, Aaron Copland, and Roger Sessions.
Misc. Ms. 172 - Papers of the Society for the Publication of American Music; 2'
This collection documents the activities of the Society for the Publication of American Music (SPAM) from its inception in 1919 to its dissolution in May, 1969. The bulk of materials dates from the last 10 years of the Society's existence and consists of: correspondence; subscription records; royalty, bank, and other financial records; officers' notes; and a small number of programs and reviews. Yale University figured prominently in the history of SPAM. At the time of SPAM's dissolution in 1969, Luther Noss, Dean of the School of Music, was the president, and Music Librarian Brooks Shepard was the treasurer. Many Yale composers were honored by SPAM, including Howard Boatwright, Jacob Druckman, Daniel Gregory Mason, Mel Powell, Quincy Porter, and David Stanley Smith.
Misc. Ms. 173 - Selected Compositions of Julia Ludlow Rockwell; 1'
Biographical information about Julia Ludlow Rockwell is scarce. She was the daughter of James Meeker Ludlow, a clergyman and author. In 1900, while living in East Orange, New Jersey, she married Theron Rockwell. She composed songs, keyboard works, and other music. Julia Ludlow Rockwell died on June 7, 1943 in Norfolk, Connecticut. This collection contains manuscript sketches and scores of musical compositions by Rockwell, including organ music, piano works, and numerous songs. In addition, the collection holds a small number of published compositions by Rockwell, as well as poetry copied in her hand and an autographed photograph of Louise Homer.
Misc. Ms. 174 - Florence Wilshire: Muzio Clementi and His Era; 2'
Muzio Clementi (1752-1852) was one of the most talented, influential, and versatile musicians of his era. Born in Rome, Clementi spent most of his career in England. He was a brilliant pianist and an important composer, and he also achieved success in business as a music publisher and piano manufacturer.
Florence Wilshire, Clementi's great-granddaughter, did extensive research on the life of her famous ancestor, but her biography was never published. This collection contains various drafts and typescripts of her work, entitled Muzio Clementi and his Era. It also holds research notes, correspondence, copies of original documents, iconography, and miscellaneous memorabilia.
Misc. Ms. 176 - Silent Film Music; 7'
This collection contains arrangements for theater orchestra of music suitable for silent films. In addition to single pieces, the collection holds many of the standard series of published silent film music, including the Preis-Kino-Bibliothek, the Robbins Photoplay series, and series published by G. Schirmer and Witmark.
Misc. Ms. 216 - Selected Compositions of Harry Benjamin Jepson; 1.5'
Harry Benjamin Jepson was born in New Haven, Connecticut on August 16, 1870. He attended Yale University, earning the B.A. in 1893 and the B.M. in 1894; his teachers included Horatio Parker and Gustave Stoeckel. Later he also studied in Paris with Charles Marie Widor and Louis Vierne. In 1895 he was appointed instructor at Yale; he was promoted to assistant professor in 1899, university organist in 1906, and full professor in 1907. He also directed the choir in the university's Battell Chapel. Jepson was known for his organ compositions as well as his performances. He retired in 1939, and died in Noank, Connecticut on August 23, 1952. This collection consists of holograph sketches and scores and published editions of 14 of Jepson's musical compositions, primarily organ music.
Misc. Ms. 218 - The Music Vale Seminary Papers; 1'
The Music Vale Seminary in Salem, Connecticut, a boarding school for young women, was the first school of music in the United States. It was established in the 1830s, and it closed in 1876. The curriculum included instrumental music, vocal music, and music theory. The collection contains correspondence, historical information, music by founder Orramel Whittlesey and others, and miscellaneous materials.
Misc. Ms. 241 - Selected Songs of Celius Dougherty; 0.25'
Celius Dougherty was born in Glenwood, Minnesota on May 27, 1902. He was educated at the University of Minnesota and the Juilliard School, where his teachers included Josef Lhévinne and Rubin Goldmark. As a pianist, he specialized in accompanying singers. He composed in a variety of genres, but was best known for his songs. He died in Effort, Pennsylvania on December 22, 1986. This collection consists of published sheet music for 20 songs by Dougherty.
Misc. Ms. 242 - The Jenny Lind Collection; 0.5'
Jenny Lind (1820-1887) was the most renowned soprano of her era. After triumphs in her native Sweden, France, Germany, and England, in 1850-1852 she toured the United States, performing in 93 cities. Her trip was organized by P.T. Barnum, and it became a milestone in the history of music in America, not only for the purity and agility of her voice, but also for the audacity (and success) of Barnum's marketing. This collection includes programs, clippings, and a collection of printed sheet music relating to Lind, particularly regarding her American tour. The sheet music includes works she performed as well as works inspired by her.
Misc. Ms. 245 - The Joseph Jaskewitz Papers; 1.5'
Joseph Jaskewitz was born on January 5, 1808 in Vienna. He began his opera career there as a choral singer in 1827, but soon he was performing solo roles in Zagreb (Agram), Budapest, Linz, Mainz, Frankfurt, and Aachen. In 1840 he joined the Hoftheater in Wiesbaden, and he became its director in 1855. He remained at the Hoftheater until his retirement in 1878. The date of his death is uncertain. According to an article in the Wiesbadener Tagblatt (October 16, 1894) found in the Jaskewitz Papers, he died in 1883. The Grosses Sängerlexikon by K.J. Kutsch and Leo Riemens (München : K.G. Saur, 1997), from which most of the foregoing biographical information is drawn, states that he died on March 8, 1888. The collection documents his career through detailed performance diaries and partbooks used in the preparation of his roles, as well as personal effects, opera bills, photographs, and miscellaneous materials.
Misc. Ms. 247 - The Stoeckel Family Papers; 0.25'
The Stoeckel and Battell families both played crucial roles in the development of music at Yale University. Gustave Jacob Stoeckel (1819-1907) was the first professor of music at Yale. Robbins Battell (1819-1895) was a generous Yale philanthropist as well as an amateur composer. Stoeckel's papers and some of Battell's compositions are preserved in the Yale Music Library as MSS 27 and Misc. Ms. 157, respectively. In 1895, Stoeckel's son Carl (1858-1925) married Battell's daughter Ellen (1851-1939). Carl had previously been Robbins Battell's secretary. In 1899, Ellen and Carl Stoeckel established the Litchfield County Choral Union, and this group's concerts proved to be the beginning of an important summer music festival in Norfolk, Connecticut, where the Stoeckels lived. In 1906 they built the Norfolk Music Shed to house the Festival's concerts. Renowned performers such as Sergei Rachmaninoff, Fritz Kreisler, and Lillian Nordica appeared at the Festival, and the Stoeckels commissioned new works from many composers, including Jean Sibelius, Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Horatio Parker, Henry Gilbert, and Victor Herbert; the Stoeckel Family Papers are largely devoted to Carl's recollections of Sibelius and Coleridge-Taylor. The festival went into abeyance after Carl's death in 1925, but when Ellen died in 1939, her will established the Ellen Battell Stoeckel Trust to revive the festival, in collaboration with Yale. The Norfolk Music Festival still takes place every summer at the family estate.
The Stoeckel Family Papers consist primarily of Carl Stoeckel's typed reminiscences of visits made by Jean Sibelius and Samuel Coleridge-Taylor to the Stoeckel Family Estate in Norfolk, CT. Additional writings about Sibelius, by Olin Downes and Karl Ekman, are also included. The Papers also hold a small number of letters between members of the Stoeckel Family and Horatio Parker, David Stanley Smith, and Eva J. O'Meara, as well as a biographical sketch of Robbins Battell Stoeckel and a copy of Ellen Battell Stoeckel's will.
Misc. Ms. 270 - The Charles Martin Loeffler Collection; 3'
Charles Martin Loeffler was born on January 30, 1861. His place of birth is disputed; he claimed to be Alsatian, but according to his biographer Ellen Knight, documents indicate that he was actually born near Berlin. He studied violin and composition in Germany (where Joseph Joachim was one of his teachers) and France, and in 1881 he went to the United States, which eventually became his permanent home. From 1882 to 1903 Loeffler was Second Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and he achieved considerable renown as a solo violinist. He composed extensively, and his works were widely performed during his lifetime. He received many awards, including an honorary doctorate from Yale University in 1926. Charles Martin Loeffler died on May 19, 1935. The collection contains sketches, manuscript scores, and printed editions of 23 of Loeffler's musical compositions, including operas, choral works, songs, and chamber music. It also holds arrangements by Loeffler of other composers' music as well as one photograph and one letter.
Misc. Ms. 286 - The Ole Bull Papers; 1'
Ole Bull was born in Bergen, Norway on February 5, 1810. From an early age he showed a rare talent for the violin, and he made his solo debut in 1819. He took lessons from students of Viotti and Baillot, and also learned much from traditional Norwegian fiddlers, an influence that contributed to his unique style. Bull was interested in the design and construction of violins and bows, and by using a flatter bridge and a rounded bow, he was able to produce unusual polyphonic effects. He made many European concert tours, and he also spent a considerable amount of time in the United States, as a violinist, impresario, and promoter of an ill-fated Norwegian colony in Pennsylvania. Bull was known for his virtuosic and idiosyncratic performances, his personal charisma, and his Norwegian nationalism. (Norway was under Swedish control from 1814 to 1905.) Ole Bull died in Lysøen, Norway on August 17, 1880.
The Ole Bull Papers contain sketches, manuscript scores, or printed editions of 11 compositions by Bull. The Papers also hold music by other composers from Bull's personal library. Among the miscellaneous items are programs, printed works relating to Bull, and 13 manuscript receipts which document a series of concerts played by Bull in 1853 in Charleston, South Carolina.
Misc. Ms. 287 - Gabriel Fauré: Letters to Paul Dukas; 0.5'
Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924) and Paul Dukas (1865-1935) were two of the leading French composers of their era. Both men were associated with the Paris Conservatoire; Dukas was a student and later a professor, while Fauré (who had been educated at the Ecole Niedermeyer) served as professor and then director. Dukas, who left a relatively small body of compositions, is best remembered for The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Fauré is known for his songs, piano works, chamber music, and Requiem.
Fauré's letters to Dukas include 60 autograph letters and postcards. This manuscript group also holds 2 poems in Fauré's hand, a postcard with a portrait of Fauré, and a silver pocket metronome.
Misc. Ms. 288 - Paul Dukas: Correspondence with Paul Poujaud; 1.5'
Paul Dukas was born in Paris on October 1, 1865. He studied composition at the Paris Conservatoire with Ernest Guiraud; in 1928, Dukas himself became a professor of composition at the Conservatoire. Like Schumann, Debussy, and Thomson, Dukas was a prominent music critic as well as a composer. He composed a variety of works, mostly for orchestra, voice, or piano. He was not prolific, and he destroyed numerous pieces that did not meet his standards. His most frequently performed composition is The Sorcerer's Apprentice. He died in Paris on May 17, 1935. Paul Poujaud, a lawyer, was friends with Dukas and many other notable French musicians in the early 20th century.
Dukas's correspondence with Poujaud spans the years 1891 to 1935 and includes over 550 autograph letters between the two men. The correspondence also contains 3 photographs of Dukas and a metronome enregistreur.
Misc. Ms. 290 - The Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Collection; 1.5'
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was born in London on August 15, 1875 to African and English parents. He studied composition (with Charles Villiers Stanford) and violin at the Royal Conservatory of Music. After completing his studies in 1897, he held a variety of posts as a conductor and teacher, while pursuing a career as a composer. The best known of his many works is the cantata Hiawatha's Wedding Feast. Coleridge-Taylor's growing international fame took him to the United States three times, and he composed The Bamboula for the Norfolk Music Festival in Norfolk, Connecticut in 1910. (The present collection is a product of that visit. The Stoeckel Family Papers contain additional pertinent information.) Samuel Coleridge-Taylor died in Croydon, England on September 1, 1912; he was only 37 years old. The Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Collection consists of scores and/or parts to 4 of Coleridge-Taylor's musical compositions and extracts of 2 letters from Coleridge-Taylor to Carl Stoeckel.
Misc. Ms. 291 - Mary Van Nes: Correspondence from Germany; 0.5'
Mary Van Nes (1906-2002) was an American pianist who studied with Arthur Schnabel from 1931 to 1934. In later years, she was active in Westchester County, New York as a performer and as the organizer of the concert series of the Hudson River Museum. Her correspondence from Germany detailed her experiences in Berlin as a student of Schnabel. Upon receiving the letters, her mother edited and transcribed them into 11 notebooks. This collection includes notebooks 1-5 and 8-11; the collection lacks notebooks 6-7 (April-August 1932).
Misc. Ms. 293 - The Max Kowalski Collection; 0.25'
Max Kowalski was born in Kowal, Poland on August 10, 1882. A year later he moved to Germany, where he was educated; in addition to his musical studies (composition with Bernhard Sekles and singing with Alexander Heinemann), he earned a law degree from the University of Marburg. As a singer-composer, Kowalski naturally specialized in the composition of Lieder. Under the Nazi regime, he was imprisoned in Buchenwald, but he was released in 1939. He then moved to England, where he remained until his death in London on June 4, 1956. The collection consists of holograph scores for 13 of Kowalski's Lieder, including 1 of the 12 Gedichte aus Pierrot Lunaire, 3 of the 6 Heine-Lieder, and 9 of the 12 Lieder on texts by Li Po. It also holds a printed score of the composer's Lieder, op. 17, published by Universal Edition in 1934.
Misc. Ms. 300 - New Haven Concert Programs; 0.25'
This collection consists of 24 programs of concerts held in New Haven from 1824 to 1859. Included are performances by such well-known musicians as the Hutchinson Family Singers, the soprano Jenny Lind, and the violinist Ole Bull.
Misc. Ms. 302 - The Libretto Collection; 1.5'
The collection consists of published librettos for operas, many of them associated with performances in New York or other cities.
Misc. Ms. 306 - The Troostwyk Family Papers; 2'
Isidore Troostwyk (1862-1923) was a Dutch-American violinist. He studied with Joseph Joachim, and served as concertmaster of the Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam. In 1888 he moved to the United States. In 1893 he and Max Dessauer founded the the Dessauer-Troostwyk School of Music in New Haven. In 1895 he joined the faculty of the newly established Yale School of Music. He was the concertmaster of the New Haven Symphony Orchestra and the Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. His wife and children were also prominent local musicians. This collection documents the family's musical activities in New Haven with correspondence, programs, scrapbooks and clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous materials.
Misc. Ms. 307 - The Blake Stern Papers; 3.5'
The tenor Blake Stern was born in Iowa in 1917. In 1940 he earned a bachelor's degree from Grinnell College. He served in the Navy during World War II, and then continued his education at the Juilliard School, where he studied with Julius Herford and Mack Harrell, receiving the M.S. in 1950. After teaching at the University of Minnesota, he joined the faculty of the Yale School of Music in 1955; he remained there for 32 years. Stern was best known as an oratorio singer. He performed with many leading orchestras and conductors in America and around the world. He died Logan, Iowa on December 22, 1987, just six months after his retirement from Yale. The collection holds a large number of programs and clippings related to Stern's performances, as well as photographs, awards, posters, and a small number of letters.
Misc. Ms. 308 - The Bruce Simonds Papers; 3'
The pianist and composer Bruce Simonds was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut on July 5, 1895. Simonds spent nearly his entire adult life at Yale University, although he performed widely. He received his bachelor's degree from Yale in 1917. After further studies in London and Paris, Simonds joined the faculty of the Yale School of Music in 1921, where he taught for the next 52 years. From 1941 to 1954 he was Dean of the School of Music. Bruce Simonds died in Hamden, Connecticut on June 2, 1989. The collection documents his career as well as that of his wife, Rosalind Brown Simonds. Included are manuscript compositions by both composers, including songs, choral music, piano works, cadenzas for Mozart piano concertos, and early compositions with corrections, probably in the hand of Vincent d'Indy. In addition, the Papers hold photocopies of musical compositions by Edwin Gerschefski, programs, scrapbooks, and notes regarding performances given by Simonds' students.
Misc. Ms. 339 - Music Records of United Church; 0.25'
The United Church of New Haven, Connecticut traces its origins back to 1742, when the "New Lights" (supporters of the Great Awakening) separated from the existing Congregational church in New Haven. The current building was constructed in 1816. Formerly called North Church, it is now known as the United Church on the Green; it is the northernmost of the three churches built in a row on the New Haven Green. This collection documents musical matters in the church from 1794 to 1910. Included are correspondence, receipts, and miscellaneous items concerning the purchase and upkeep of organs, the hiring and payment of singers, and other matters concerning the musical life of the church.
Misc. Ms. 348 - Beethoven Society (Providence, R.I.) Orchestral Parts; 1.5'
This collection contains orchestral parts (not scores) that belonged to the Beethoven Society of Providence, Rhode Island. Most of the music was composed in the nineteenth century; a few pieces are from the eighteenth century. A variety of genres are represented, chiefly dances, overtures, and symphonies.
Misc. Ms. 354 - John Mehegan Collection; 1'
John Mehegan was born in Hartford, Connecticut on June 6, 1916. (Later he would list his birth date as 1920 or 1922.) After beginning as a violinist, he switched to the piano. He studied at the Hartt School of Music in Hartford, but he was largely self-taught. By the early 1940s, he was active as a jazz pianist in New York; he played in clubs, and composed and performed the incidental music for A Streetcar Named Desire on Broadway. Mehegan was a prolific author; he wrote several instructional works (including the four-volume Jazz Improvisation ), and he worked as a critic for the New York Herald Tribune and other publications. He had a long pedagogical career, teaching at Metropolitan Music School, the Juilliard School, Columbia University, the University of Bridgeport, and Yale University (from 1974 to 1983). John Mehegan died in New Canaan, Connecticut on April 3, 1984.
The collection consists mainly of transcriptions (probably by Mehegan) of popular standards. Most contain just the melody and chord symbols, but some also include a left-hand part. The collection also includes Mehegan's résumé and one of his pedagogical works, How to Play Jazz Piano.
Misc. Ms. 355 - The Frank Tirro Collection; 0.5'
Frank Tirro is noted for his versatility; he is a scholar of the Italian Renaissance and of jazz, he is a composer and clarinetist, and he has written specialized studies as well as popular textbooks. He was born on September 20, 1935 in Omaha, Nebraska, and educated at the University of Nebraska, Northwestern University, and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1974). He held teaching positions at the University of Chicago, the University of Kansas, and Duke University before coming to the Yale School of Music, where he served as Dean and taught music history. Tirro's writings include Jazz: A History (1977, 2nd edition, 1993), Renaissance Music Manuscripts in the Archive of San Petronio in Bologna (1986), and Living With Jazz: An Appreciation (1996). The collection consists of nine compositions by Tirro.
Misc. Ms. 365 - Music, Vocal and Instrumental, Associated with New Haven; 1'
This collection consists primarily of musical scores associated with New Haven, Connecticut in various ways; for example, some have lyrics that mention New Haven or Yale, others were written by New Haven composers, and still others were published in New Haven. The collection also includes 111 concert programs (dating from 1860 to 1970), a 1941 newspaper article about the history of music in New Haven, and a list of New Haven references in Musical Review.
Misc. Ms. 372 - Miscellaneous Letters and Documents File; 4'
This collection contains more than 900 individual letters from notable musicians, acquired from a variety of sources. Many of the most eminent composers and performers are represented, including C.P.E. Bach, Bartók, Beethoven, Bernstein, Boulanger, Boulez, Brahms, von Bülow, Carter, Chopin, Clementi, Copland, Debussy, Dukas, Dvořák, Fauré, Ferrabosco, Franck, Haydn, Hindemith, Ives, Kreisler, Lenya, Lind, Liszt, Lutoslawski, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Milhaud, Parker, Prokofiev, Reger, Rossini, Ruggles, Arthur Rubinstein, Saint-Saëns, Schoenberg, Schreker, Robert and Clara Schumann, Sibelius, Stravinsky, Richard Strauss, Tchaikovsky, Thomson, Vaughan Williams, Verdi, Wagner, Weingartner, and Xenakis. 59 of the letters are available online.
Misc. Ms. 418 - Ethel Smyth: Letters and Scrapbook; 0.5'
Ethel Smyth was born in London on April 22, 1858. After receiving her early musical training in England, she entered the Leipzig Conservatory in 1877. She left the Conservatory in 1878, but continued her studies with Heinrich von Herzogenberg. During her years in Germany, she came to know many important musicians, including Brahms, Clara Schumann, and Grieg. Smyth came to prominence in England in the early 1890s, with performances of her Serenade and Antony and Cleopatra in 1890 and the Mass in D in 1893. (These performances are the focus of the scrapbook in this collection.) She then turned her efforts to the stage. Over the next thirty years, she composed six operas: Fantasio, Der Wald, The Wreckers, The Boatswain's Mate, Fête galante, and Entente cordiale. Beginning in 1910, Smyth was an important figure in the drive to gain women the right to vote in England, a movement led by her friend Emmeline Pankhurst. Smyth composed a suffragist anthem, and went to prison for throwing a rock through a window of the Colonial Secretary's home. In the final three decades of her life, Smyth increasingly suffered from hearing loss. She continued to compose, but she devoted much of her time to a series of autobiographical books that vividly display her colorful and energetic personality. By the time of her death in Woking, England on May 8, 1944, she had long been recognized as the leading British female composer of her era.
This collection contains letters from Smyth, chiefly to her sister Alice Davidson. Their dates range from 1877 to 1939, but the largest number are from 1916 to 1919. The letters discuss Smyth's education in Germany, her career as a composer, her work as an activist for women's suffrage, and other matters. The collection also includes a scrapbook of clippings and programs concerning Smyth's compositions from 1890 to 1893, as well as a handwritten biographical notice.
Misc. Ms. 427 - The Charles Henry Kauffman Collection of Materials Relating to Charles Ives; 0.5'
Born in Pennsylvania, Dr. Charles Henry Kauffman practiced osteopathic surgery in Brookfield, Connecticut. Kauffman was a close friend of Charles Ives. The two first met in the 1920s through Ives's brother, Judge J. Moss Ives, and his brother-in-law, the Rev. Joseph Twichell. Dr. Kauffman treated both Charles Ives and his mother for various illnesses, and remained in contact with Ives throughout their lives. Much of the collection pertains to Ives. It includes letters between Kauffman and Ives (as well as other correspondents), published writings and music by Ives, articles concerning Ives, poetry by Kauffman, and a commemorative coin issued in honor of Ives.