Composers Voices Bibliography

Composers' Voices from
Ives to Ellington

An Oral History of American Music

Vivian Perlis and Libby Van Cleve


   
   Select Bibliography

Baum, Willa. Transcribing and Editing Oral History. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1991.

Blythe, Ronald. Akenfield: Portrait of an English Village. New York: Pantheon Books, 1969.

Dunaway, David K., and Willa K. Baum, editors. Oral History: An Interdisciplinary Anthology. 2nd ed. Walnut Creek, California: Altamira Press, 1996.

Malcolm, Janet. The Journalist and the Murderer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.

Morrissey, Charles T. "The Case for Oral History." Vermont History 31: 3 (July 1963), 145–155.

Oral History Association. Elizabeth I. Dixon and James V. Mink, editors. Oral History at Arrowhead: Proceedings of the First National Colloquium on Oral History. Los Angeles: The Oral History Association, Inc., 1967, 1969.

Oral History Association. Louis M. Starr, editor. The Second National Colloquium on Oral History. New York: The Oral History Association, 1968.

Oral History Association. Gould P. Coleman, editor. The Third National Colloquium on Oral History. New York: The Oral History Association, 1969.

Oral History Association. Gould P. Coleman, editor. The Fourth National Colloquium on Oral History. New York: The Oral History Association, Inc., 1970.

Oral History Association. Peter D. Olch and Forrest C. Pogue, editors. Selections from the Fifth and Sixth National Colloquia on Oral History. New York: The Oral History Association, Inc., 1972.

Perlis, Vivian. "Ives and Oral History." Notes: The Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 28: 4 (June 1972), 629–642.

Perlis, Vivian. "Oral History and Music." The Journal of American History 81: 2 (September 1994), 610–619.

Perks, Robert and Alistair Thomson, editors. The Oral History Reader. London: Routledge, 1998.

Stern, Sheldon M. "What JFK Really Said: Book Review of The Kennedy Tapes." The Atlantic Monthly 285: 5 (May 2000), 122–128.

Terkel, Studs; Jan Vansina; Dennis Tedlock; Saul Benison; Alice Kessler Harris; and Ronald J. Grele. Envelopes of Sound: Six Practitioners Discuss the Method, Theory and Practice of Oral History and Oral Testimony. Edited by Ronald J. Grele with an introduction by Alice Kessler Harris. Chicago: Precedent Publishing, Inc., 1975.

Yow, Valeria Raleigh. Recording Oral History: A Guide for the Humanities and Social Sciences 2nd edition. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press 2005.

General History and Criticism

Barr, Cyrilla. The Coolidge Legacy. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1997.

Block, Adrienne Fried, and Carol Neuls-Bates, editors. Women in American Music: A Bibliography of Music and Literature. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Boretz, Benjamin, and Cone, Edward T., editors. Reflections on American Composers: A Symposium. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1971.

Brooks, Van Wyck. America's Coming-of-Age. New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1915.

Chadwick, George. Chadwick Family Memoir Book. Unpublished, courtesy Steven Ledbetter. New England Conservatory Library archives.

Chase, Gilbert. America's Music: From the Pilgrims to the Present. Revised 3rd ed. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Cope, David. New Directions in Music. 7th ed. Prospect Heights, Illinois: Waveland Press, 2001.

Copland, Aaron. "America's Young Men of Promise." Modern Music 3: 3 (March/April 1926).

Copland, Aaron. "Music in the Twenties." WGBH, 1965.

Copland, Aaron. The New Music 1900–1960. Revised ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1968.

Cowell, Henry, editor. American Composers on American Music. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1962. (First copyright 1933).

Cowley, Malcolm, editor. After the Genteel Tradition: American Writers 1910–1930. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1965.

Crawford, Richard, R. Allen Lott, and Carol Oja, editors. A Celebration of American Music. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1990.

Daniel, Minna Lederman. The Life and Death of a Small Magazine (Modern Music, 1924–1946). I.S.A.M. Monograph No. 18. Brooklyn: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1983.

Edmunds, John, and Gordon Boelzner. Some Twentieth Century American Composers: A Selective Bibliography. Volume 1: 1959, with an introductory essay by Peter Yates. Volume 2: 1960, with an introductory essay by Nicolas Slonimsky. New York: New York Public Library.

Fitch, Noel Riley. Sylvia Beach and the Lost Generation. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983.

Gagne, Cole, and Tracy Caras. Soundpieces: Interviews with American Composers. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1982.

Gann, Kyle. American Music in the Twentieth Century. New York: Schirmer Books, 1997.

Gioia, Ted. The History of Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Greenberg, Clement. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." 1939. Reprinted in Clement Greenberg, Art and Cultural, Critical Essays. Boston: Beacon Press, 1961.

Heyman, Katherine Ruth. The Relation of Ultramodern to Archaic Music. Boston: Small, Maynard & Company, 1921.

Hitchcock, H. Wiley, with Kyle Gann. Music in the United States. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000.

Hoover, Cynthia A. Music Machines—American Style. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1971.

Lederman, Minna. "Some American Composers." Vogue 109: 3 (1 February 1947), 184–187.

Levine, Lawrence W. Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

McCutchan, Ann. The Muse That Sings: Composers Speak about the Creative Process. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Morgan, Robert. "Rewriting Music History: Second Thoughts on Ives and Varèse." Musical Newsletter 111: 1 (January 1973), 3–12; 111: 2 (April 1973), 14–23.

Oja, Carol J. Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Osgood, Henry O. So This Is Jazz. Boston: Little, Brown, 1926.

Perlis, Vivian. Two Men for Modern Music. I.S.A.M. Monograph No. 9. Brooklyn, New York: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1978.

Rorem, Ned. Other Entertainments. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Rosenfeld, Paul. "The Newest American Composers." Modern Music 15: 3 (March–April 1938), 153.

Rosenfeld, Paul. An Hour with American Music. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1929.

Ruland, Richard, and Malcolm Bradbury. From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. New York: Viking, 1991.

Schuller, Gunther. Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Schwartz, Elliott, and Daniel Godfrey. Music Since 1945: Issues, Materials, and Literature. New York: Schirmer, 1993.

Schwartz, Elliott, and Barney Childs, editors. Contemporary Composers on Contemporary Music. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967.

Shattuck, Roger. The Banquet Years. Revised ed. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1972.

Singal, Daniel Joseph, editor. Modernist Culture in America. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1999.

Slonimsky, Nicolas. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Classical Musicians. Edited by Laura Kuhn and Dennis McIntire. New York: Schirmer, 1997.

Slonimsky, Nicolas. Music Since 1900. Edited by Laura Kuhn. 6th ed. New York: Schirmer, 2001.

Straus, Joseph. "The Myth of Serial 'Tyranny' in the 1950s and 1960s." Musical Quarterly 83: 3 (Fall 1999), 301–343.

Stravinksy, Igor with Robert Craft. "Some Composers." Musical America 82: 6 (June 1962), 6–12.

Strickland, Edward. American Composers: Dialogues and Contemporary Music. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Thomson, Virgil. American Music Since 1910. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971.

Three Classics in the Aesthetic of Music: "Monsieur Croche the Dilettante Hater," by Claude Debussy. "Sketch of a New Esthetic of Music," by Ferruccio Busoni. "Essays Before a Sonata," by Charles E. Ives. New York, Dover Publications 1962.

Tick, Judith. "Ruth Crawford's 'Spiritual Concept': The Sound-Ideals of an Early American Modernist." Journal of the American Musicological Society 44: 2 (Summer 1991), 221–261.

Tick, Judith. Women Making Music: The Western Art Tradition, 1150–1950. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

Tommasini, Anthony. "Midcentury Serialists: The Bullies or the Besieged?" The New York Times (9 July 2000), 23.

Watson, Steven. Strange Bedfellows: The First American Avant-Garde. New York: Abbeville Press, 1991.

Watson, Steven. The Birth of the Beat Generation: Visionaries, Rebels, and Hipsters, 1944–1960. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998.

Watson, Steven. The Harlem Renaissance: Hub of African-American Culture, 1920–1930. New York: Pantheon Books, 1995.

Wilder, Alec. American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900–1950. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Woll, Allen L. Dictionary of the Black Theater: Broadway, off-Broadway, and Selected Harlem Theater. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1983.

Wolpe, Stefan. "On New (and Not-So-New) Music in America. Journal of Music Theory 28: 24–25 (1984), 7–31.

Zuck, Barbara A. A History of Musical Americanism. Studies in Musicology, No. 19. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1980.

Select Bibliography for Individual Figures (Listed Alphabetically)

Leonard Bernstein

Bernstein, Leonard. The Joy of Music. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959.

Burton, Humphrey. Leonard Bernstein. New York: Doubleday, 1994.

Eubie Blake and Ragtime

Berlin, Edward A. Ragtime: A Musical and Cultural History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Berlin, Edward A. Reflections and Research on Ragtime. I.S.A.M. Monograph No. 24. Brooklyn, New York: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1987.

Blesh, Rudi, and Harriet Janis. They All Played Ragtime: The True Story of an American Music. 1950. Reprint, New York: Oak Publications, 1971.

Hasse, John, editor. Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music. New York: Schirmer Books, 1985.

Kimball, Robert, and William Bolcom. Reminiscing With Sissle and Blake. New York: Viking Press, 1973.

Memories of Eubie. Video documentary, co-produced by Ruth Leon, Allan Miller, and Vivian Perlis. American Masters series, PBS, 30 December 1979.

Riis, Thomas L. More than Just Minstrel Shows. I.S.A.M. monograph No. 33. Brooklyn, New York: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1992.

Rose, Al. Eubie Blake. New York: Schirmer Books, 1979.

Waldo, Terry. This is Ragtime. With a foreword by Eubie Blake. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1976. Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1984.

Nadia Boulanger

Fondation Internationale Nadia et Lili Boulanger: www.fondation-boulanger.com

Campbell, Don G. Master Teacher, Nadia Boulanger. Washington, D.C.: Pastoral Press, 1984.

Hoover, Suzanne R. "Nadia Boulanger." American Scholar 46: 4 (1977), 496–502.

Kendall, Alan. The Tender Tyrant: Nadia Boulanger, a Life Devoted to Music. With an introduction by Yehudi Menuhin. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1976.

Monsaingeon, Bruno. Mademoiselle: Conversations with Nadia Boulanger. Translated by Robyn Marsack. Manchester: Carcanet, 1985.

Perlis, Vivian. "Boulanger—20th Century Music Was Born in Her Classroom." The New York Times (11 September 1977), 25–26.

Potter, Caroline. "Nadia and Lili Boulanger: Sister Composers." Musical Quarterly 83: 4 (1999), 536–556.

Rosenstiel, Leonie. Nadia Boulanger: A Life in Music. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1982.

Thomson, Virgil. "'Greatest Music Teacher'—at 75." The New York Times Magazine (4 February 1962), 24, 33, 35.

John Cage

Cage, John. Silence. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1961.

Elliott Carter

Edwards, Allen. Flawed Words and Stubborn Sounds: A Conversation with Elliott Carter. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1971.

The Writings of Elliott Carter. Compiled, edited, and annotated by Else Stone and Kurt Stone. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977.

Aaron Copland

Aaron Copland: Self Portrait. Video Documentary, co-produced by Ruth Leon and Vivian Perlis, directed by Allan Miller. American Masters, PBS, 1985. Outtakes are located at the Library of Congress.

Berger, Arthur. Aaron Copland. New York: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Bernstein, Leonard. "Aaron Copland: an Intimate Sketch." High Fidelity 20: 11 (1970), 53.

Copland, Aaron. "Jazz Structure and Influence." Modern Music 4: 2 (January–February 1927), 9–14.

———. Music and Imagination. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

———. What to Listen For in Music. 1939. Reprint, New York: Mentor, 1999.

Copland, Aaron, and Vivian Perlis. Copland: 1900 Through 1942. New York: St. Martin's, 1984.

———. Copland Since 1943. New York: Marion Boyars, 1989.

Dickinson, Peter, ed. Copland Connotations: Studies and Interviews. With a foreword by H. Wiley Hitchcock. Rochester, New York: Boydell Press, 2002.

Dobrin, Arnold. Aaron Copland: His Life and Times. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1967.

Oja, Carol. "The Copland–Sessions Concerts and Their Reception in the Contemporary Press." Musical Quarterly 65: 2 (April 1979), 212–229.

Perspectives of New Music Volume 19 (Fall–Winter 1980 and Spring–Summer 1981) is an 80th birthday tribute to Copland and includes essays and music by composers and colleagues.

Pollack, Howard. Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Shirley, Wayne. Ballet for Martha & Ballets for Martha. Washington: Library of Congress, 1997.

Smith, Julia. Aaron Copland: His Work and Contribution to American Music. New York: Dutton, 1955.

Thomson, Virgil. "Aaron Copland, American Composers, VII." Modern Music 10: 2 (January 1932), 67–73.

Venezia, Mike. Aaron Copland. Chicago: Children's Press, 1995. A children's book on Copland.

Henry Cowell

A Tribute to Henry Cowell. Radio Documentary, produced by Ev Grimes and Steve Cellum. National Public Radio, 24 October 1976.

Boziwick, George. "Henry Cowell at the New York Public Library: A Whole World of Music." Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 57: 1 (September 2000), 46–47.

Cowell, Henry. Essential Cowell: Selected Writings on Music. Edited by Dick Higgins with a preface by Kyle Gann. Kingstown, New York: Documentext, 2000.

———. New Musical Resources. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1930. 3rd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Cowell, Sidney Robertson. A Chapbook of Cheer. Edited by H. Wiley Hitchcock. Unpublished, 1995.

Hicks, Michael. Henry Cowell, Bohemian. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

———. "The Imprisonment of Henry Cowell." Journal of the American Musicological Society 44: 1 (Spring 1991), 92–119.

Mead, Rita. "The Amazing Mr. Cowell," American Music 1: 4 (Winter, 1983): 63–89.

———. Henry Cowell's New Music 1925–1936. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981.

Nicholls, David, editor. The Whole World of Music: A Henry Cowell Symposium. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1997.

Nicholls, David. American Experimental Music, 1890–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Oja, Carol J., and Ray Allen, editors. Henry Cowell's Musical Worlds: A Program Book for the Henry Cowell Centennial Festival. Brooklyn, New York: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1997.

Saylor, Bruce. The Writings of Henry Cowell: A Descriptive Bibliography. I.S.A.M. Monograph No. 7. Brooklyn, New York: Institute for Studies in American Music monographs, 1977.

Vermont, Louise. "Musical Note: Butcher's Paper and Cold Feet." The Greenwich Villager (15 April 1922).

Duke Ellington

Baraka, Amiri, and Amina Baraka. The Music. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1987.

The Chicago Jazz Archive contains The Billy Strayhorn Master Editions, a collection of performance scores and parts derived directly from Billy Strayhorn's handwritten manuscripts. Regenstein Library, University of Chicago.

Dance, Stanley. The World of Duke Ellington. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970.

Davis, Miles, with Quincy Trope. Miles: The Autobiography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.

"Duke Ellington: Reminiscing in Tempo." Video documentary; written, produced, and directed by Robert S. Levi. Public Broadcasting Service, 1991.

Ellington, Edward Kennedy. Music is My Mistress. New York: Da Capo Press, 1973.

Ellington, Mercer, with Stanley Dance. Duke Ellington in Person: An Intimate Memoir. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1978.

"Ellington: The Music Lives On." Video documentary, co-produced by Bob Bach and Bill W. Chastain, Jr., Directed by Jerome Schnur. Includes excerpts of interviews with Alvin Ailey, Jean Bach, Cab Calloway, Kitty Carlisle, Mercedes Ellington, Mercer Ellington, Ruth Ellington, John Hammond, Nat Hentoff, Al Hibbler, Yves Montand, Joya Sherrill, Bobby Short, and John Springer. WNET Great Performances, PBS, 27 February 1984.

Hasse, John Edward. Beyond Category: The Life and Genius of Duke Ellington. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

Hentoff, Nat. "This Cat Needs No Pulitzer Prize." The New York Times Magazine (12 September 1965), 64–66, 70, 72, 74, 76.

Russell, Ross. Bird Lives. New York: Charterhouse Books, 1973.

Schuller, Gunther. Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. Edited by Barry Kernfeld. 2nd ed. New York: Grove's Dictionaries of Music, Inc., 2002.

Tucker, Mark. Ellington: The Early Years. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

Tucker, Mark, editor. The Duke Ellington Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Watson, Steven. The Harlem Renaissance: Hub of African-American Culture, 1920–1930. New York: Pantheon Books, 1995.

Wilson, John S. "Duke Ellington: A Master of Music, Dies at 75." The New York Times (25 May 1974), 1, 32.

George Gershwin

Beinecke Library, Yale University contains materials related to Porgy and Bess and the original play Porgy.

The George Gershwin Memorial Collection of Music and Musical Literature was established by Carl Van Vechten and includes contributions from American composers. Fisk University Franklin Library, Nashville, Tennessee.

"Porgy in Leningrad." Time 67: 2 (9 January 1956), 51.

Armitage, Merle. George Gershwin: Man and Legend. New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1958.

Baraka, Amiri, and Amina Baraka. The Music. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1987.

Bernstein, Leonard. "Why Don't You Run Upstairs and Write a Nice Gershwin Tune?" In The Joy of Music. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959. First published in The Atlantic Monthly 195: 4 (1955), 39–42.

Bolcom, William. "A Serious Composer with Broadway Style." The New York Times Sunday Arts & Leisure (20 August 1998), 1.

Crawford, Richard. "Gershwin's Reputation: A Note on Porgy and Bess." Musical Quarterly 65: 2 (1979), 257–265.

Ellison, Cori. "'Porgy' and Music's Racial Politics." The New York Times (13 December 1998), 32, 38.

Forte, Allen. "Reflections Upon the Gershwin–Berg Connection." Musical Quarterly 83: 2 (Summer 1999), 150–167.

Furia, Philip. Ira Gershwin: The Art of the Lyricist. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Gauthier, Eva. "The Roaring Twenties." Musical Courier 151: 3 (February 1955), 42–44.

Gershwin, George. The George Gershwin Song Book. 1932. Reprint, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1941.

Gershwin, George, and Ira Gershwin. The George and Ira Gershwin Song Book. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960.

Gershwin, Ira. Lyrics on Several Occasions. 1959. Reprint, New York: Viking Press, 1973.

Goldberg, Isaac. "Music by Gershwin." Three-part article in Ladies Home Journal (April 1931).

———. George Gershwin: A Study in American Music. 1931. Reprint, New York: F. Ungar, 1958.

Hamm, Charles. "Towards a New Reading of Gershwin." In Putting Popular Music in Its Place. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

———. Yesterdays: Popular Song in America. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979.

Jablonski, Edward. George Gershwin. New York: Doubleday, 1987.

Jablonski, Edward, and Lawrence D. Stewart. The Gershwin Years. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1973.

Jacobi, Frederick. "The Future of Gershwin." Modern Music 15: 1 (November/December 1937), 3–7.

Kimball, Robert, and Alfred Simon. The Gershwins. With a foreword by Richard Rodgers. New York, Atheneum, 1973.

Levant, Oscar. A Smattering of Ignorance. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1940.

Oja, Carol. "Gershwin and American Modernists of the 1920s." Musical Quarterly 78: 4 (1994), 646–668.

Rosenberg, Deena. Fascinating Rhythm: The Collaboration of George and Ira Gershwin. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.

Rosenfeld, Paul. Discoveries of a Music Critic. 1936. Reprint, New York: Vienna House, 1972.

Schneider, Wayne. The Gershwin Style. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Includes "George Gershwin's Piano Rollography," comp. and annotated Michael Montgomery, 225–253.

Schwartz, Charles. Gershwin: His Life and Music. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973.

Shirley, Wayne. "Reconciliation on Catfish Row." The Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress 38: 3 (Summer 1981), 144–165.

Starr, Larry. George Gershwin. Yale Broadway Masters Series. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2006. [release pending]

———. "Toward a Reevaluation of Gershwin's Porgy and Bess." American Music 2: 2 (Summer 1994), 25–37.

Thomson, Virgil. "George Gershwin." Modern Music 13: 1 (November/December 1935), 13.

Van Vechten, Carl. "George Gershwin." Vanity Fair 24: 1 (March 1925), 40, 78, 84.

Wilder, Alec. American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900–1950. 1972. Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Whiteman, Paul. Jazz. New York: J.H. Sears & Company, 1926.

Wilson, Edmund. "The Jazz Problem." The New Republic 45: 13 (January 1926), 217.

Roy Harris

American Creed: The Art of Roy Harris. Radio Documentary, produced by Elizabeth Blair. National Public Radio, 1998.

"Roy Harris." Brochure, Broadcast Music International (BMI).

"What's the Score? Roy Harris' Symphony No. 3." Petri-Lebow productions, 1975.

Farwell, Arthur. "Roy Harris." Musical Quarterly 18: 1 (1932), 18–32.

Harris, Patricia. "Grassroots Grandpa." Unpublished memoir.

Harris, Roy. "Folksong: American Big Business." In Schwartz, Elliott, and Barney Childs, editors. Contemporary Composers on Contemporary Music. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1967. First published in Modern Music 18 (1940–1941), 8–11.

Levy, Beth. "'The White Hope of American Music': or, How Roy Harris Became Western." American Music 19: 2 (Summer 2001), 131–167.

Slonimksy, Nicolas. "Roy Harris." Musical Quarterly 33: 1 (1947), 17–37.

———. Roy Harris: Cimarron Composer. Unpublished manuscript, 1951. University of California, Los Angeles, Music Library Special Collections.

Stehman, Dan. Roy Harris: An American Musical Pioneer. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1984.

———. Roy Harris: A Bio–Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Lou Harrison

Garland, Peter, editor. A Lou Harrison Reader. Santa Fe: Soundings Press, 1987.

Charles Ives

"A Good Dissonance Like a Man." Video documentary, directed and produced by Theodore Timreck. Vivian Perlis, historical consultant. American Masters, PBS, 1974.

Danbury Museum and Historical Society, Danbury, Connecticut.

Baron, Carol K. "Dating Charles Ives' Music: Facts and Fictions." Perspectives of New Music 28: 1 (Winter 1990), 20–56.

Burkholder, Peter J. All Made of Tunes: Charles Ives and the Uses of Musical Borrowing. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

———. Charles Ives: The Ideas Behind the Music. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Burkholder, Peter J., editor. Charles Ives and His World. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Carter, Elliott. "The Case of Mr. Ives" and "Documents of a Friendship." In The Writings of Elliott Carter. Compiled by Kurt Stone and Else Stone. Indiana University Press, 1977.

Carter, Elliott, Aaron Copland, Lou Harrison, Peter Yates, Donald R. Walker, Ronald Johnson, Jonathan Williams, Guy Davenport, and Allen J. Koppenhaver, contributors. A Garland for Charles Ives. Special supplement to Parnassus: Poetry in Review 3: 2 (Spring/Summer 1975), 294–393.

Charles Ives: 129 Songs. Ed. H. Wiley Hitchcock. MUSA Series vol. 12. Middleton, Wisconsin: American Musicological Society, 2003.

Cowell, Henry, and Sidney Cowell. Charles Ives and His Music. New York: Da Capo Press, 1983.

Crawford, Richard. "Edward MacDowell: Musical Nationalism and an American Tone Poet." Journal of the American Musicological Society 49: 3 (Fall 1996).

Dickinson, Peter. "A New Perspective for Ives." Musical Times 115: 1580 (October 1974), 836–838.

Feder, Stuart. Charles Ives: "My Father's Song": A Psychoanalytic Biography. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Henahan, Donal. "Did Ives Fiddle With the Truth?" The New York Times (21 February 1988), section 2, 1, 25.

Hitchcock, H. Wiley. Ives. London: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Hitchcock, H. Wiley, and Vivian Perlis, editors. An Ives Celebration: Papers and Panels of the Charles Ives Centennial Festival-Conference, New York and New Haven, 1974. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1974.

Ives, Charles. "The Amount to Carry and How to Carry It." Pamphlet, 1912. Later revised and reprinted.

Ives, Charles. Charles Ives Papers. Compiled by Vivian Perlis. MSS 14, Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University.

———. Essays Before a Sonata, the Majority, and Other Writings. Edited by Harold Boatwright. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1970.

———. Memos. Edited by John Kirkpatrick. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1972.

———. "What Music Meant to Charles Ives." Unpublished lecture, 22 May 1963. Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York.

Morgan, Robert. "Rewriting Music History: Second Thoughts on Ives and Varèse." Musical Newsletter 3: 1 (January 1973), 3–12; 3: 2 (April 1973), 15–23, 28.

Nicholls, David. American Experimental Music, 1890–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Perlis, Vivian. Charles Ives Remembered: An Oral History. 1974. Reprint, with a foreword by J. Peter Burkholder, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

Reed, Joseph W. Three American Originals: John Ford, William Faulkner, and Charles Ives. Scranton, Pennsylvania: Harper & Row, 1984.

Sherwood, Gayle. "Charles Ives and 'Our National Malady.'" Journal of the American Musicological Society 54: 3 (Fall 2001), 555–584.

Sinclair, James B. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Music of Charles Ives. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Solomon, Maynard. "Charles Ives: Some Questions of Veracity." Journal of the American Musicological Society 40: 3 (Fall 1987), 443–470.

Starr, Larry. A Union of Diversities. New York: Schirmer Books, 1992.

Swafford, Jan. Charles Ives: A Life With Music. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1996.

Tick, Judith. "Charles Ives and Gender Ideology." In Musicology and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Music Scholarship, edited by Ruth Solie. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Tommasini, Anthony. "Music Review." The New York Times (29 January 2001), E5.

Edward MacDowell

Erskine, John. "MacDowell at Columbia: Some Recollections." Musical Quarterly 27: 4 (October 1942), 399–400.

Gilman, Lawrence. Edward MacDowell. New York: John Lane, 1906.

Leo Ornstein

Historical Sound Recordings, Yale University Library, holds recordings of Ornstein improvising and playing excerpts of his music.

For the complete published work of Leo Ornstein, see his son Severo's website: www.otherminds.org/ornstein.

Buchanan, Charles L. "Futurist Music." The Independent (31 July, 1916), 160.

———. "Ornstein and Modern Music." Musical Quarterly (1917), 174–183.

Frank, Waldo. "Leo Ornstein and the Emancipated Music." Typescript for an article in The Onlooker, 1916. In The Leo Ornstein Papers. MSS 10, Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University.

Kramer, W. Obituary for Bertha Tapper. Musical America 22 (25 September 1915), 9.

Leo Ornstein: Quintette for Piano and Strings, Op. 92. Ed. Denise Von Glahn and Michael Broyles. With introductory essay "Leo Ornstein and American Modernism." MUSA Series vol. 13. Middleton, Wisconsin: American Musicological Society, 2005.

Martens, Frederick. Leo Ornstein: The Man, His Ideas, His Work. 1918. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

O'Grady, Terence J. "A Conversation With Leo Ornstein." Perspectives of New Music (Fall/Winter 1984), 126–133.

Ornstein, Leo. "The Music of New Russia." The Musical Observer (18 June 1917), 10.

———. "The Trend of Ultra-Modern Composition." Musical Observer xxi (1922), 54–5.

Perlis, Vivian. "Mystery Man of American Music." Vision 5: 2 (10 February 1982), 10–12.

———. "The Futurist Music of Leo Ornstein." Notes: The Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 31: 4 (June 1975), 735–750.

Rosenfeld, Paul. "Charles Martin Loeffler, Leo Ornstein, Dane Rudhyar." In An Hour with American Music. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1929.

———. "Ornstein." The New Republic 7: 82 (27 May 1916), 83–85.

Schonberg, Harold C. "A Musical Futurist Rediscovered." The New York Times (14 March 1976), 15.

Van Vechten, Carl. "Leo Ornstein." In Music and Bad Manners. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1916.

Dane Rudhyar

American Composers Alliance holds Rudhyar's musical manuscripts.

Big Sur Tapes, Tiburon, California, has recordings of talks, mainly on philosophy and astrology.

Dane Rudhyar Archival Project: http://khaldea.com/rudhyar/

Morang, Alfred. Dane Rudhyar: Pioneer in Creative Synthesis. New York: Lucis Publishing Company, 1939.

Oja, Carol. "Dane Rudhyar's Vision of Dissonance." In Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rudhyar, Dane. The Astrology of Personality: A Re-formulation of Astrological Concepts and Ideals, in Terms of Contemporary Psychology and Philosophy. New York: Lucis Publishing Company, 1936. Reprint, Santa Fe: Aurora Press, 1991.

———. Claude Debussy et son oevre. Paris: A. Durand et fils, 1913.

———. Dissonant Harmony: A New Principle of Musical and Social Organization. Carmel, California: Hamsa Publications, 1928.

———. "Dissonant Harmony, Plemoras of Sound and the Principle of Holistic Resonance." In Music Physician for Times to Come: An Anthology, edited by Don Campbell. Wheaton, Illinois: Theosophical Publishing House, 1991.

———. The Magic of Tone and the Art of Music. Boulder, Colorado: Shambala Publications, 1982.

———. "The Relativity of Our Musical Conceptions." Musical Quarterly 8 (1922), 108–118.

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 2nd ed. s.v. "Rudhyar, Dane."

Tick, Judith. "Ruth Crawford's 'Spiritual Concept': The Sound-Ideals of an Early American Modernist, 1924–1930." Journal of the American Musicological Society 44 (1991), 221–261.

Carl Ruggles

Yale University Music Library holds several Ruggles paintings as well as catalogs from a one-man show featuring Ruggles' work.

Archabal, Nina. "Carl Ruggles: An Ultramodern Composer as Painter." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1979.

Gilbert, Steven E. "Carl Ruggles (1876–1971): An Appreciation." Perspectives of New Music 11: 1 (1972), 224–232.

Harrison, Lou. "About Carl Ruggles." In A Lou Harrison Reader, edited by Peter Garland. Santa Fe: Soundings Press, 1987. First published as a pamphlet, Yonkers, New York, 1946.

Kirkpatrick, John. "The Evolution of Carl Ruggles: 'A Chronicle Largely in His Own Words.'" Perspectives of New Music 6: 2 (1968), 146–166.

Orkiszewski, Paul Thomas. An Analytic Overview of the Music of Carl Ruggles. Dissertation, Rice University, 1988.

Ruggles, Carl. Carl Ruggles Papers. Adrienne Nesnow, compiler, John Kirkpatrick, music consultant, archival collection MSS 26. New Haven: Yale University Music Library, 1981.

Seeger, Charles. "Charles Ives and Carl Ruggles." Magazine of Art 32 (1939), 396–399.

The Complete Music of Carl Ruggles. Buffalo Philharmonic, Michael Tilson Thomas, director. Liner Notes by John Kirkpatrick and Michael Tilson Thomas. 1980, CBS Masterworks No. M2 34591.

Ziffrin, Marilyn. Carl Ruggles: Composer, Painter, and Storyteller. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Charles Seeger

The Library of Congress holds interviews, field recordings, and papers related to the Society for Ethnomusicology.

Dunaway, D.K. "Charles Seeger and Carl Sands: the Composers' Collective Years." Ethnomusicology Newsletter 24: 2 (1980), 159–168.

Lomax, John, and Alan Lomax. Our Singing Country. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1941.

Pescatello, Ann M. Charles Seeger: A Life in American Music. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992.

Seeger, Charles. "Grass Roots for American Composers." In Studies in Musicology II, 192901979, edited and with an introduction by Ann M. Pescatello. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. Originally published in Modern Music 16: 3 (March–April 1939), 143–149.

———. "On Proletarian Music." Modern Music 11: 3 (March–April 1934), 121–127.

———. Studies in Musicology, 1935–1975. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

———. Studies in Musicology II, 1929–1979. Edited and with an introduction by Ann M. Pescatello. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Tick, Judith. "Ruth Crawford's 'Spiritual Concept': The Sound-Ideals of an Early American Modernist, 1924–1930." Journal of the American Musicological Society 44 (1991), 221–261.

———. Ruth Crawford Seeger: A Composer's Search for American Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Workers Songbooks I (The Red Song Book). Compiled by Charles Seeger and Lan Adomian. New York: Workers Library Publishers, 1934.

Workers Songbooks II (The New Workers Song Book). Compiled by Charles Seeger and Lan Adomian. New York: Workers Library Publishers, 1935.

Nicolas Slonimsky

Slonimsky, Nicolas. Perfect Pitch: A Life Story. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Leopold Stokowski

Daniel, Oliver. Stokowski: A Counterpoint of View. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1982.

Virgil Thomson

OHAM holds recordings of Thomson's "Music with Words," a series of lectures delivered at Yale University, later published as Music with Words: A Composer's View. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

"Virgil Thomson, Composer." Video documentary, produced and directed by John Huszar. FilmAmerica, Inc., 1980.

Yale University Music Library holds numerous videos of documentaries and lectures.

Hoover, Kathleen, and John Cage. Virgil Thomson: His Life and Music. New York: Sagamore Press, 1959.

Meckna, Michael. Virgil Thomson: A Bio-Bibliography. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

Page, Tim, and Vanessa Weeks Page, editors. Selected Letters of Virgil Thomson. New York: Summit Books, 1988.

Porter, Andrew. "Virgil Thomson: 'A Composer of Operas.'" Opera 47 (1966), 757–762.

Thomson, Virgil. Music With Words: A Composer's View. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

———. Virgil Thomson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966.

———. Virgil Thomson. United States: Virgil Thomson Foundation, Ltd., 1996.

———. A Virgil Thomson Reader. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1981.

Tommasini, Anthony. Virgil Thomson: Composer on the Aisle. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997.

Watson, Steven. Prepare for Saints: Gertrude Stein, Virgil Thomson, and the Mainstreaming of American Modernism. New York: Random House, 1998.

Edgard Varèse

Secondary Source interviews on Varèse, acquired from Olivia Mattis, are held at OHAM.

"Composers Form Guild to Bring New Works to Public Hearing." Musical America 34: 13 (23 July 1921), 1, 6.

"Random Notes (Frank Zappa to host tribute to idol Edgard Varèse)." Rolling Stone 341 (16 April 1981), 36.

Babbitt, Milton. "Edgard Varèse: a Few Observations of His Music." In Perspectives on American Composers. Edited by Benjamin Boretz and Edward T. Cone. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1971. Originally published in Perspectives of New Music 4: 6 (1966), 14–22.

Bernard, Jonathan. The Music of Edgard Varèse. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Chou Wen-chung. "Varèse: A Sketch of the Man and His Music." Musical Quarterly 52: 2 (April 1966), 151–170.

Cowell, Henry. "The Music of Edgard Varèse." In American Composers on American Music, edited by Henry Cowell. 1933. Reprint, New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1962. Originally published in Modern Music 5: 2 (1927–1928), 9–18.

Garland, Peter, editor. Soundings: Ives, Ruggles, Varèse. Santa Fe: Soundings Press, 1974.

Goldman, Richard. "Reviews of Records." Musical Quarterly 47: 1 (January 1961), 133–134.

Julius, Ruth. "Edgard Varèse: An Oral History Project: Some Preliminary Conclusions." Current Musicology 25 (Spring 1978), 39–49.

Lott, R. Allen. "New Music for New Ears: The International Composers' Guild." Journal of the American Musicological Society 36: 2 (1983), 266–286.

Mattis, Olivia. Edgard Varèse and the Visual Arts. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1992.

Schonberg, Harold C. "Maverick, Revolutionary, and Father to a Generation." The New York Times (14 November 1965), X11.

Schuller, Gunther. "Conversation with Varèse." Perspectives of New Music 3: 2 (1965), 32–37.

Van Solkema, Sherman, editor. The New Worlds of Edgard Varèse. I.S.A.M. Monograph No. 11. New York City: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1979.

Varèse, Edgard. "The Liberation of Sound." Lecture, September 1959, Princeton University. Reprinted in Perspectives on American Composers. Edited by Benjamin Boretz and Edward T. Cone. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1971.

Varèse, Louise. Varèse: A Looking-Glass Diary. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1972.

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