Form of work (MARC 380 and 655)

Music Cataloging at Yale MARC tagging

Note: this page was created with music cataloging in mind.

Use in conjunction with Recording form of work (RDA 6.3), MLA's Best practices for using LCGFT for music resources, and Commonly used music terms in the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms (LCGFT).

See also Mapping of Library of Congress subject headings (LCSH) and form subdivisions to their corresponding LCGFT and LCDGT terms

See also 381: Other distinguishing characteristics of a work or expression | 382: Medium of performance | 383: Numeric designation of musical work | 384: Key
Sources: LC MARC 21 format for bibliographic date and authority data and DCM Z1

655 field: Indicators | Subfields | Examples
380 field: Indicators | Subfields | Examples

In bibliographic (655 field) and authority records (380 field): these are terms indicating the class, genre, or form to which a work belongs and/or physical characteristics of the materials being described.

Instructions for PCC catalogers in Descriptive Cataloging Manual (DCM) Z1, section on field 380:
     ° Prefer a controlled vocabulary, such as LCSH, LCGFT, etc.
     ° Capitalize the first term in subfield ‡a.
     ° When terms do not come from a controlled vocabulary, use the singular form.

Follow the practice described in Best practices for music cataloging using RDA and MARC 21:
Do not record in a 380 or 655 fields types of composition terms that are:
     ° medium of performance terms (e.g., Duet)
     ° tempo markings (e.g., Allegro)
     ° other generic terms that do not convey formal characteristics (e.g., Piece, Music)

655
Indicators
1st blank: type of heading = basic
2nd 7: Source specified in subfield ‡2
Subfields
‡a Form of work: a term expressing the class or genre of the work.
     ° Multiple forms of work from the same source vocabulary are recorded in separate 655 fields.
‡2 Source of term: MARC code that identifies the source of the term in subfield ‡a when it is from a controlled list.
     ° use ‡2 lcgft for Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms
The terms may or may not match what is used in LCSH:
LCSH LCGFT
650 _0 Overtures. 655 _7 Overtures. ‡2 lcgft
650 _0 Variations (Orchestra) 655 _7 Variations (Music) ‡2 lcgft
650 _0 Orchestral music. 655 _7 Preludes (Music) ‡2 lcgft
650 _0 Sonatas (Piano) 655 _7 Sonatas. ‡2 lcgft
650 _0 Piano ‡v Studies and exercises. 655 _7 Studies (Music) ‡2 lcgft
650 _0 Piano music. 655 _7 Concert etudes. ‡2 lcgft
Examples
For type of music: For format of music, etc.:
655 _7 Art music. ‡2 lcgft 655 _7 Scores. ‡2 lcgft
655 _7 Chamber music. ‡2 lcgft 655 _7 Parts (Music) ‡2 lcgft
655 _7 Sonatas. ‡2 lcgft 655 _7 Arrangements (Music) ‡2 lcgft
655 _7 Variations (Music) ‡2 lcgft 655 _7 Vocal scores. ‡2 lcgft
655 _7 Sacred music. ‡2 lcgft 655 _7 Facsimiles. ‡2 lcgft
380
Indicators
1st blank
2nd blank
Subfields
‡a Form of work: a term expressing the class or genre of the work.
     ° Multiple forms of work from the same source vocabulary may be recorded in the same field in separate occurrences of subfield ‡a.
          » Capitalize the first term in each ‡a
     ° Terms from different source vocabularies are recorded in separate 380 fields
     ° When terms do not come from a controlled vocabulary, use a singular form
‡2 Source of term: MARC code that identifies the source of the term in subfield ‡a when it is from a controlled list.
     ° use ‡2 lcsh for Library of Congress Subject Headings
     ° use ‡2 lcgft for Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms

From MLA-L, 5/7/2013: A question posed to Paul Frank of LC in a RDA live webinar in March 2013:
Q. How specific or granular can/should the 380 field be? Z1 says to prefer controlled vocabulary, e.g. from LCSH. Should we use only general terms from LCSH and avoid terms including medium (for example, Songs rather than Songs (High voice) with piano)? What term would be appropriate in the 380 for an opera aria?

A. I would leave medium of performance for the 382 field and use only the form itself for the 380 field:
380 __ Songs
380 __ Operas--Excerpts

Examples
From a controlled vocabulary:

Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms

380 __ Art music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Dance music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Masses ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Mazurkas (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Motets ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Operas ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Part songs ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Pastoral music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Preludes (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Suites ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Variations (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Studies (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Requiems ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Requiems ‡a Excerpts ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Preludes (Music) ‡a Canons (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Tangos (Music) ‡a Art music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Cantatas ‡a Sacred music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Songs ‡a Art music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Songs ‡a Gospel music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Dramatic music ‡a Art music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Ballets (Music) ‡a Art music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Sonatas ‡a Excerpts ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Sonatas ‡a Excerpts ‡a Variations (Music) ‡2 lcgft

Library of Congress Subject Headings

380 __ Songs ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Sonatas ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Canons, fugues, etc. ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Dance music ‡a Video art ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Cantatas ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Solo cantatas ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Operas ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Operas--Excerpts ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Concertos ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Magnificat (Music) ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Sarabands ‡a Minuets ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Ragtime music ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Motion picture music ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Ballets, Arranged ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Soundscapes (Music) ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Mixed media (Music) ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Sound installations (Art) ‡a Electronic music ‡a Ambient music ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Librettos ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Folk songs--Instrumental settings ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Songs ‡a Song cycles ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Motets ‡a Masses, Unaccompanied ‡a Polyphonic chansons ‡2 lcsh

From more than one controlled vocabulary

n 2016011498
380 __ Sacred music ‡a Litanies (Music) ‡2 lcgft
380 __ Kyrie eleison (Music) ‡2 lcsh

n 2015039551
380 __ Romances (Music) ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Art music ‡a Songs ‡2 lcgft

Not from a controlled vocabulary

380 __ Song cycle
380 __ Libretto
380 __ Motet
380 __ Hymn
380 __ Choral work
380 __ Aria
380 __ Prelude
380 __ Prelude ‡a Fugue
380 __ Sonatina
380 __ Cantio
380 __ Fantasy
380 __ Fantasia
380 __ Fantasy ‡a Caprice
380 __ Musical farce ‡a Divertimento
380 __ Divertimento ‡a Serenade ‡a Harmoniemusik
380 __ Cantata for women's voices with mezzo-soprano or baritone soloist and piano accompaniment

380 __ Musical work
380 __ Musical work ‡a Divertimento
               ° for works by P.D.Q. Bach

Examples including both: terms not from a controlled vocabulary and terms from a controlled vocabulary:

Preferred title: Sonates et un divertissement
380 __ Sonatas ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Divertimento
380 __ Suites ‡2 lcsh

380 __ Fantasia
380 __ Sonatas ‡2 lcsh

380 __ Rondos ‡2 lcsh
380 __ Fantasia

380 __Sarabands ‡a Jigs ‡2 lcsh
380 __Prelude