MARC tagging for sound recordings: Fixed field codes (008)

Music Cataloging at Yale MARC tagging

Voyager (Leader and 008)

See also Physical description codes for musical sound recordings (007) | MARC tagging for scores and sound recordings: Variable fields | Sound recording cataloging: MARC tagging


01820cjm a2200433 a 4500 01820cjm a2200433 a 4500 01820cjm a2200433_ a 4500 01820cjm a2200433 a 4500
Type of record Bibliographic level Encoding level Cataloging form (i.e., rules)
j = musical sound recording
i = non-musical sound recording
a = component part, monographic
b = component part, serial
c = collection
d = subunit
m = monograph/item
s = serial
  = full level, material in hand
4 = core level
5 = partial (preliminary) level
7 = minimal level
8 = prepublication level (including CIP)
a = AACR2
i  = pre-AACR2, ISBD punctuation
   = pre-AACR2, pre-ISBD punctuation
u = unknown
008: Publication status | Date 1| Date 2 | Place of publication | Composition | Format of music | Audience | Form of item
Accompanying matter | Literary text for sound recording | Language | Modified record | Cataloging source
Voyager 008 DEFINITION
Publication status Type of date/publication status
t = actual date, copyright date
m = multiple dates from/to
n = unknown
p = issue date/recording date1 when there is a difference
q = questionable (such as 1982 or 3)
r = reissue date/original date2
s = single date (such as 1982, [198-], etc.)
1Issue date/recording date: When there is a span of recording dates, the earliest date of recording goes in date 2.
2Reissue date/original date: A sound recording is considered a reissue when it is issued with a new manufacturer number, issued on a new label or in a new format, or when it is a collection with previously released material from numerous sources.
Date 1 (yyyy)
Date 2 (yyyy)
Date of publication
The content is determined by the Publication status above
Place of publication Place of publication (assign codes according to present geographic boundaries)
fr = France
gw = Germany
it = Italy
ru = Russia
sp = Spain
xxc = Canada (no province indicated; first two positions indicate province, e.g., onc = Ontario)
xxk = United Kingdom (no country indicated; first two positions indicate country, e.g., enk = England)
xxu = United States (no state indicated; first two positions indicate state, e.g., ctu = Connecticut)
See US MARC country list for a full list
Form of composition
See codes for Form of musical composition
Format of music Format
n = not applicable
Audience Target audience (intellectual level)
__ = non-juvenile
j = juvenile
Form of item Form of item
__ = none of the following
Accompanying matter
Accompanying material (use up to six, in alphabetical order)
__ = no accompanying matter
a = discography
b = bibliography
c = thematic index
d = libretto or text
e = biography of composer or author
f = biography of performer or history of ensemble
g = technical and/or historical information on instruments
h = technical information on music
i = historical information
k = ethnological information
r = instructional materials
s = music
z = other accompanying matter
Literary text for sound recording 1
Literary text for sound recording 2
Literary text for sound recordings
for musical sound recordings:
__ = item is a musical sound recording
for non-musical sound recordings:
a = autobiography
b = biography
c = conference proceedings
d = drama
e = essays
f = fiction
g = reporting
h = history
i = instruction (How to...)
j = language instruction
k = comedy
l = lectures, speeches
m = memoirs
o = folktales
p = poetry
r = rehearsals
s = sounds (sound effects, natural sounds, bird calls, etc.)
t = interviews
z = other
Language Language of sung or spoken text
eng = English
fre = French
ger = German
ita = Italian
rus = Russian
spa = Spanish
zxx = no linguistic content
und = undetermined language or arbitrary syllables, humming, or other human-produced sounds for which a language cannot be specified
Multilingual items:
For two to six languages use:
   ° the predominant language code
   ° the code that is first alphabetically if predominance cannot be determined.
For six or more languages use:
   ° the code for the language of the first title .
   ° code "mul" if there is no predominant language and the cataloging institution has chosen not to specify a language.
See US MARC language list for a full list
Modified record Whether bibliographic information was modified for entry into machine-readable form
__ = not modified
see OCLC BFS for more codes
Cataloging source Cataloging source
  = Library of Congress
d = other sources (e.g., OCLC)
c = cooperative cataloging (e.g., PCC)
i = ISBD (descriptive portion of the record contains the punctuation provisions of International standard bibliographic description); use for RDA
Voyager leader CODES
Record status c = corrected or revised
d = deleted
n = new
p = increase in encoding level from prepublication
Type of record i = nonmusical sound recording
j = musical sound recording
Bibliographic level m = monograph (non-serial item)
s = serial
Type of control __ = no specific type of control
a = archival control
Encoding level __ = full level
see OCLC BFS for more codes
Cataloging form (rules) a = AACR2
i = ISBD, pre-AACR2 (use for RDA when using ISBD punctuation)
__ = pre-ISBD, pre-AACR2