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Arabic and Middle Eastern Electronic Library


AMEEL holds approximately 350,000 pages of full text, indexed and searchable in the language of publication including Arabic and Western scripts. The full text in AMEEL was originally extracted using Optical Character Recognition software (OCR) rather than re-keying all works, resulting in accuracy rates of higher than 90%. The current version of AMEEL provides OCR data based on the images, and may be considerably less accurate.

What's in AMEEL?

  • Journals: a regional selection of academic journals from Tunisia to Saudi Arabia
  • Dictionaries: Qamus al-muhit (
  • Historical manuscript catalogs for Arabic-language collections held at:
    • Bodleian (Arabic section only, Nicoll 1835)
    • British Museum (Cureton 1846 + Rieu Supplement 1894)
    • Leiden University (De Goeje & Houtsma 1888)
    • Princeton (Littman 1904)
    • Tubingen (Seybold 1907)
    • Yale (Nemoy 1956)
  • Gazettes: the Syrian Gazette (الجريدة الرسمية (سورية)) and the Palestine Gazette. The digital copies for both gazettes span 1919 to 1948.